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Foreigners sold a net 4.01-billion riyals ($1.4-billion) in Saudi stocks in the week ending Oct. 18, exchange data showed on Sunday – one of the biggest sell-offs since the market opened to direct foreign buying in mid-2015.

The selloff came during a week in which investors were rattled by Saudi Arabia’s deteriorating relations with foreign governments following the disappearance of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

Riyadh said on Saturday that Mr. Khashoggi died in a fight inside its Istanbul consulate, its first acknowledgement of his death after denying for two weeks that it was involved in his disappearance.

A breakdown of the exchange data showed foreigners sold 5-billion riyals worth of stocks and bought 991.3-million worth. “The market started to price in a fundamentally different relationship between Saudi Arabia and the U.S.,” said Jaap Meijer, head of equity research, at Arqaam Capital.

“We believe the U.S. will keep Saudi Arabia as its close ally given (among other things) the importance of the kingdom in the Middle East region and being the producer of 10 per cent of the world oil supply.”

U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said on Sunday that Saudi Arabia’s explanation of the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi was a “good first step but not enough,” adding it was premature to discuss any sanctions against Riyadh over the incident.

The comments were the latest from the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump that appear aimed at censuring a killing that has sparked global outrage, while protecting relations with the world’s top oil exporter.

The stock exchange data also showed Saudi individual investors such as retail investors and high net worth individuals sold a net 3.4-billion riyals worth of stocks during the week, however Saudi institutions bought a net 7.8-billion riyals worth of stocks. Investors from other Gulf countries were also net sellers.

Market analysts told Reuters last week that state-linked funds appeared to have mounted an operation to support the stock market after heavy foreign selling.

The Saudi stock market is down about 4 per cent since Mr. Khashoggi disappeared on Oct 2. The market had already started to weaken before the incident as foreign funds slowed their buying after MSCI’s announcement in June that the kingdom will be included in its global emerging market benchmark next year.

The Saudi index closed up 0.2 per cent on Sunday after falling as much as 3.5 per cent earlier in the session.

Saudi Arabia’s foreign debt has also been pressured, with yields rising across the country’s U.S.-dollar bond curve.

The yield on Saudi Arabia’s US$5.5-billion bond due in 2026 and US$6.5-billion note due in 2046 rose to record highs last week, according to Refinitiv data.

Saudi credit-default swaps, which investors buy as protection against default, rose to 100 basis points late last week for the first time since June, data from IHS Markit showed.

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