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U.S. President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump at the Taj Mahal in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, on Feb. 24, 2020.MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images

Prioritizing pageantry over policy, U.S. President Donald Trump basked in India’s welcoming embrace on a day that featured a megarally with cheering crowds, a mutual admiration show with his counterpart and a sunset tour of the famed Taj Mahal.

Mr. Trump used Day 1 of his whirlwind 36-hour visit to India to reaffirm close ties with Prime Minister Narendra Modi and tease progress on a trade deal down the road. But the day was largely devoted to a trio of enviable photo ops: the largest rally of Mr. Trump’s presidency sandwiched between visits to a former home of independence leader Mohandas Gandhi and the Taj Mahal.

In his first hours on the subcontinent, Mr. Trump received the adulatory reception that has eluded him on many foreign trips. More than 100,000 people packed the world’s largest cricket stadium, nearly all of them wearing white caps with the name of the event, “Namaste, Trump.”

But miles away in the capital of New Delhi, police used tear gas and smoke grenades to disperse a crowd of clashing protesters hours before Mr. Trump was set to arrive, as violence broke out over a new citizenship law that excludes Muslims. Anti-Trump street demonstrations also erupted in Kolkata, Hyderabad and Gauhati.

President Trump with First Lady Melania Trump and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi attend Namaste Trump rally at Sardar Patel Stadium in Motera, on the outskirts of Ahmedabad, on Feb. 24, 2020.MONEY SHARMA/AFP/Getty Images

Mr. Trump opened his rally speech in Ahmedabad Monday by declaring that he had travelled 8,000 miles to deliver the message that “America loves India, America respects India and America will always be faithful and loyal friends to the Indian people.”

He praised India as a place where different faiths “worship side by side in harmony” and made no mention of the new law that is raising fears the country is moving toward a religious citizenship test. And yet, he emphasized his own administration’s efforts to secure its borders and crack down on “radical Islamic terrorism.”

The President’s motorcade travelled newly cleaned roads planted with flowers and featuring elaborately costumed dancers and musicians as well as hundreds large of billboards featuring the president, Mr. Modi and first lady Melania Trump. Tens of thousands lined the route, making an impressive showing, but well short of the over-the-top prediction of up to 10 million Mr. Trump had said Mr. Modi promised would be on hand.

His first stop was Gandhi’s home, where Mr. Trump donned a prayer shawl and removed his shoes to walk through the humble ashram. He inspected the spinning wheel used by the famed pacifist and saw a statue of monkeys representing Gandhi’s mantra of “See no evil, Hear no evil, Speak no evil.” Then it was on to a far more boisterous setting: the mega-rally at the world’s largest cricket stadium.

A battery of carefully chosen Modi loyalists and workers from his Bharatiya Janata Party lined the road to accord the President a grand welcome. Tens of thousands of police officers were also on hand to keep security tight and a new wall was erected in front of a slum, apparently to hide it from the President’s motorcade.

Mr. Modi, a noted hugger, figuratively and literally embraced Mr. Trump at the start of the “Namaste Trump” rally that was, in a way, the back half of home-and-away events for the two men. Both had attended a “Howdy Modi” rally in Houston last year that drew 50,000 people. Mr. Trump lavished praise on both Mr. Modi and the democracy he leads, highlighting an effort to lift residents out of extreme poverty.

“India gives hope to all of humanity,” he told the crowd.

Women show how a Charkha, a type of Indian spinning wheel, works to President Trump and first lady Melania, as they visit the Gandhi Ashram in Ahmedabad.ALEXANDER DRAGO/Reuters

The stadium was packed with revellers, many of whom wore Trump and Modi masks as they sat in almost 30-degree heat. Yet scores of attendees, particularly those sitting in the sun, streamed out before Mr. Trump had finished his 27-minute speech.

Mr. Trump, whose foreign visits typically are light on sightseeing, told reporters travelling with him that he was eager to see the Taj Mahal, which he’d never visited, and later delighted in the immense white marble 17th-century mausoleum in the city of Agra.

As daylight began to fade, Mr. Trump and his wife posed for photos, including some in front of the iconic bench where Diana, Princess of Wales, sat alone in 1992 in what became an enduring image.

”Really incredible, an incredible place,” Mr. Trump told reporters as he stood in the structure’s shadow.

Trump announced at the Motera stadium that India would soon buy $3 billion of American military equipment.MONEY SHARMA/AFP/Getty Images

Mr. Trump’s trip comes as he is in the midst of an election year and after he was acquitted by the U.S. Senate on impeachment charges.

Foreign trips offer powerful political imagery for presidents facing re-election: They can be feted on the world stage while their rivals in the opposing party slog through visits to diners in early-voting states and clash in debates. This trip, in particular, reflects a Trump campaign strategy to showcase him in his presidential role and provide counterprogramming to the Democrats’ primary contest.

The visit also comes at a crucial moment for Mr. Modi, a fellow populist, who is saddled with a steep economic downturn and unfulfilled campaign promises on job creation. Mr. Trump will spend Tuesday in New Delhi, a bustling, noisy, colourful capital that also is dotted with half-finished construction projects stalled due to disappearing funding.

The President also will hold meetings with Mr. Modi over stalled trade talks and attend a gala dinner. Their two countries are closely allied, in part to act as a bulwark against the rising influence of China. Mr. Trump announced at the stadium that India would soon buy US$3-billion of U.S. military equipment.

But trade tensions between the two countries have escalated since the Trump administration imposed tariffs on steel and aluminum from India. India responded with higher penalties on agricultural goods and restrictions on U.S. medical devices. The U.S. retaliated by removing India from a decades-old preferential trade program.

Mr. Trump voiced optimism at the rally that a deal could be reached but also lightheartedly said of Mr. Modi: “Everybody loves him, but I will tell you this: He’s very tough.”

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