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Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu speaks during a weekly cabinet meeting, in Jerusalem, on March 8, 2020.POOL/Reuters

An Israeli court on Tuesday rejected Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s request to delay the start of his corruption trial, clearing the way for proceedings to begin as planned next week.

Mr. Netanyahu’s lawyers had appealed for a delay, saying they needed more time to review evidence. State prosecutors responded that they oppose any delays and the court accepted their position.

In overruling the request the presiding judge wrote that the first session on March 17 was a procedural reading of the charges only and the defendant’s response was not needed, therefore there was no justification for a delay.

Netanyahu has been charged with fraud, breach of trust and accepting bribes in connection to a series of scandals that include accepting expensive gifts from wealthy friends and offering to exchange favours with powerful media moguls. The long-ruling Israeli leader denies any wrongdoing and says he is the victim of a media-orchestrated witch hunt.

His legal troubles stood at the centre of last week’s national election, Israel’s third in less than a year. Like elections last April and September, this one ended inconclusively.

Mr. Netanyahu’s opponent, Benny Gantz, refused to sit with him in government and appears poised to push for legislation in the incoming parliament that would bar anyone indicted for a crime being able to lead a government – in effect disqualifying Mr. Netanyahu from leading the country.

The most straightforward way out of the political deadlock in each of the previous rounds was a unity government but the sides have grown increasingly acrimonious toward each other with each campaign.

In a sign of that division, Israel stepped up security for Mr. Gantz, who has faced death threats in the aftermath of last week’s elections.

The country’s domestic security agency Shin Bet announced it was planning on taking over security for Mr. Gantz, who was until now being protected by parliamentary security guards.

In a statement, the Shin Bet said Mr. Netanyahu, as head of a ministerial committee overseeing Shin Bet affairs, approved the arrangement. Earlier this week, Israel’s parliament beefed up the security detail protecting Mr. Gantz, after deeming the death threats against him to be credible.

Mr. Gantz revealed that a man tried to assault him Saturday evening as he arrived at a speaking engagement, and that Mr. Netanyahu supporters have been threatening him online. One post called for Mr. Gantz to be murdered just like former Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who was assassinated by a Jewish ultra-nationalist in 1995. Another portrayed him and his fellow party leaders in Arab headdress, similar to images that circulated of Rabin before he was killed.

Also on Tuesday, members of Mr. Netanyahu’s Likud Party abstained from a procedural vote meant to approve the official election results, citing their demand for a recount of hundreds of ballots that are in contention. Mr. Gantz’s Blue and White said the move set a “dangerous precedent” that damaged the legitimacy of the country’s elections commission.

The anti-Netanyahu forces in the new incoming parliament command a 62-58 majority but are deeply divided among themselves, even though Mr. Gantz and the smaller Yisrael Beitenu party, led by Mr. Netanyahu’s ally-turned-nemesis Avigdor Lieberman, have agreed to co-operate to form a government.

Israel’s president will soon begin consultations with the elected parties to determine who to tap as prime minister-designate, typically the leader of the largest party, and in this case, Mr. Netanyahu. If the deadlock continues, Israel could see itself heading toward a fourth straight election, which experts say would have disastrous effects on the public’s confidence in their elected officials and electoral system.

Mr. Netanyahu, Israel’s longest-serving leader, is desperate to remain in office because installing a new government would give him an important political boost and potentially allow him to legislate his way out of the legal quagmire.

Amit Haddad, one of Mr. Netanyahu’s lawyers, had said he would seek a delay in the start of the trial. He said the request was “technical” and meant to give the defence time to review investigative materials that it still has not received.

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