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A U.S. judge decided to hold an important pretrial hearing in Harvey Weinstein’s sexual assault case in secret.DON EMMERT/AFP/Getty Images

An important pretrial hearing in Harvey Weinstein’s sexual assault case played out in secret after a judge ruled Friday that the movie mogul’s right to a fair trial outweighed news organizations’ arguments for keeping the courtroom open.

Both the prosecution and defence asked that the hearing be held behind closed doors because it focuses on sensitive matters – a prosecution bid to have jurors hear from many other women who say Mr. Weinstein violated them.

Judge James Burke in Manhattan said closing the courtroom to the news media and public was “the only means available to avoid the tainting of the jury pool.” He also rejected the request from a group of news organizations to unseal documents related to the hearing.

The hearing, Burke said, dealt with material that “is prejudicial to the defendant and is highly inflammatory.” He said news coverage would serve no other purpose than to stir negative public sentiment toward Mr. Weinstein.

Judge Burke also denied the media organizations’ request to delay the hearing so they would have time to appeal. An appellate judge denied a request by the media outlets to immediately halt the proceeding.

The judge said he would reopen the courtroom to discuss procedural matters once the closed-door session was over.

Judge Burke issued his ruling after prosecutors said it was necessary to close the courtroom, both to protect Mr. Weinstein’s right to a fair trial and to shield the identities of accusers whose names and allegations were expected to come up during the hearing.

“We believe it is prudent” to close the court, Manhattan Assistant district attorney Joan Illuzzi-Orbon said.

Weinstein lawyer Marianne Bertuna argued that news coverage could influence potential jurors and that “the court cannot be complicit with the press in denying the defendant’s right to a fair trial.”

Lawyers for the news organizations, including the Associated Press, said the prosecution and defence arguments didn’t meet the high legal standard for banning the media and the public.

Mr. Weinstein’s case is “a matter of immense and legitimate public interest,” and the allegations against him are already widely known, said Robert Balin, a lawyer representing the news organizations.

The sides asking for the courtroom to be closed were suggesting that “somehow it is improper for the press and the public to be sitting here and report news in real time,” even though that right is guaranteed by the Constitution, Mr. Balin argued.

Mr. Balin said that the allegations against Mr. Weinstein from more than 80 women have already been widely reported and that many of them, such as actresses Mira Sorvino and Ashley Judd, have agreed to be identified publicly. But not all have, Ms. Illuzzi-Orbon said.

A lawyer for Court TV and a reporter from New York magazine also argued in favour of keeping the courtroom open.

Everyone who spoke was forced to compete with the sound of a jackhammer that rattled on and off 15 stories below the open courtroom windows.

Mr. Weinstein himself was mum as he arrived at court. Asked how he was doing, he just nodded.

He is charged with raping an unidentified female acquaintance in his Manhattan hotel room in 2013 and performing a forcible sex act on a different woman in 2006.

Mr. Weinstein, 67, has denied all allegations of wrongdoing. He pleaded not guilty and is free on US$1-million bail. His trial is scheduled to begin June 3.

Prosecutors are seeking to call as trial witnesses some of the dozens of women who have accused Mr. Weinstein of sexual misconduct but whose allegations haven’t led to criminal charges. They want to show that Mr. Weinstein has had a history of assaulting women.

Prosecutors used that strategy a year ago in convicting Bill Cosby at his sexual assault retrial outside Philadelphia. Hearings pertaining to such witnesses in the comedian’s case were not closed to the media or public.

Perhaps expecting an onslaught of accusers taking the stand, Mr. Weinstein lawyer, Jose Baez, sent a letter this week to the lawyer for one of them, asking for e-mails he says show the woman acknowledged she had a consensual relationship with Mr. Weinstein.

The Associated Press does not identify people who say they are victims of sexual assault unless they come forward publicly.

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