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Former Pakistani prime minister Imran Khan on Friday appealed for immediate talks with state officials, as pressure increased on him amid a crackdown on his top aides and supporters that has seen thousands arrested as well as many leaving his party.

Mr. Khan has been embroiled in a tussle with the military since he was removed from power last year in a parliamentary vote that he says was orchestrated by the country’s top generals. The military denies this.

The standoff intensified when earlier this month Mr. Khan’s supporters were involved in violent protests after his brief arrest.

“I would like to appeal for talks, because what is currently happening is not a solution,” Mr. Khan said in a live talk streamed on YouTube, warning that the country was headed toward anarchy.

The political unrest has worsened as Pakistan faces its worst economic crisis in decades. Inflation is at record highs, economic growth is anemic and there are fears that the country could default on external debts unless the International Monetary Fund unlocks delayed disbursements.

The appeal for talks came as pressure mounted on Mr. Khan’s party and supporters, 33 of whom have been handed over to the army to face trial in military courts on charges of attacking armed forces’ installations, Interior Minister Rana Sanaullah said on Friday.

The 33 accused are among the thousands detained since Mr. Khan’s May 9 arrest sparked violent protests across Pakistan.

Mr. Khan was arrested on graft charges, which he denies. While he was subsequently released on bail, his confrontation with the country’s powerful generals has escalated.

“The accused who are being handed over to the military are those who trespassed and entered very sensitive defence installations,” Mr. Sanaullah told a press conference in Islamabad. He said that evidence suggested the protesters damaged or stole important equipment, computers and other sources of data collection.

He said only those involved in breaching out-of-bounds areas would face trial under army laws, suggesting there would not be mass trials in military courts.

But in response to a question, he also suggested that Mr. Khan could be tried in a military court, saying: “As far as my own assessment and the evidence we have … this man is the architect of all this mess and planning, so yes, he comes under this category.”

Rights groups have raised concerns over military trials of civilians, saying they cannot ensure a fair trial. Such courts are closed to outsiders and the media.

The minister said after a verdict from the military courts the accused would have a right to appeal to a high court and then the Supreme Court.

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