Ukraine on Monday acknowledged difficulties in fighting in the east of the country as Russian forces captured territory along a front-line river and intensified pressure on two key cities ahead of an EU summit expected to welcome Kyiv’s bid to join the bloc.
The Governor of the Luhansk region, scene of the heaviest Russian onslaughts in recent weeks, said the situation was “extremely difficult” along the entire front line there as of Monday evening and the Russian army had gathered sufficient reserves to begin a large-scale offensive.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky had predicted Moscow would escalate attacks ahead of the EU summit on Thursday and Friday. In his customary nighttime address to the country on Monday, he was defiant, while also referring to “difficult” fighting in Luhansk for Sievierodonetsk and its sister city Lysychansk.
“We are defending Lysychansk, Sievierodonetsk, this whole area, the most difficult one. We have the most difficult fighting there. But we have our strong guys and girls there,” he said. “The occupiers receive a response to their actions against us.”
Also speaking on national television, Luhansk Governor Serhiy Gaidai said Russian forces controlled most of Sievierodonetsk, apart from the Azot chemical plant, where hundreds of civilians have been sheltering for weeks, and the road connecting Sievierodonetsk and its sister city Lysychansk to the city of Bakhmut was under constant shell fire.
“Lysychansk has been suffering from massive Russian shelling all day. It is impossible to establish the number of casualties as of yet,” he said, adding that the shelling has been perhaps the heaviest the city had yet experienced.
Even so, the Russians had yet to complete an encirclement of Ukrainian forces, who were inflicting “significant losses” on them, he said.
Moscow’s separatist proxies claimed to have captured Toshkivka, a town on the mostly Ukrainian-held western bank of the Siverskyi Donets river, south of Sievierodonetsk.
Mr. Gaidai earlier acknowledged a Russian attack on Toshkivka had “had a degree of success” and said Russian forces were also seeking a foothold near Ustinovka, a village further north along the river. They were bringing a huge amount of heavy equipment there, including tanks, he said.
He confirmed Russia’s claim to have captured Metyolkine.
Approval by EU leaders for Ukraine to become an official candidate to join the bloc would be marked as a triumph in Kyiv, which applied for membership just four days after Russia’s Feb. 24 invasion.
Membership would take years to attain, but for the EU to reach deep into the heart of the former Soviet Union would bring about one of Europe’s biggest economic and social transformations since the Cold War.
“I think that’s very likely it would happen,” U.S. President Joe Biden told reporters when asked on Monday if he felt Ukraine would become an EU member.
The war has entered a brutal attritional phase in recent weeks, with Russian forces concentrating their overwhelming artillery firepower on Ukrainian-controlled parts of the Donbas, which Moscow claims on behalf of separatists.
Ukrainian officials reported three civilian deaths in Russian shelling in the Donetsk region on Monday and another three in shelling in the Kharkiv region.
In Odesa, Ukraine’s biggest Black Sea port, a Russian missile attack destroyed a food warehouse on Monday, the Ukrainian military said. No civilians were reported killed.
Odesa has come under sporadic bombardment during the war and is blockaded by the Russian navy.
The Russian-installed leader of Crimea, which Russia annexed from Ukraine in 2014, said Kyiv had struck Black Sea drilling platforms owned by a Crimean oil company. Three people were wounded, and a search was under way for seven workers, he said.
Russia’s RIA Novosti news agency said the platforms were located 71 kilometres from Odesa. Reuters was unable to immediately verify the reports.
Washington and its European allies have provided weapons and financial assistance to Ukraine but avoided direct involvement in the conflict. Some American citizens, however, have volunteered to fight alongside Ukrainian forces.
On Monday, the Kremlin said two Americans detained in Ukraine were mercenaries not covered by the Geneva Convention who should face responsibility for their actions.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov’s comments were the first formal acknowledgment that the two men, identified in U.S. reports as Andy Huynh, 27, of Hartselle, Ala., and Alexander Drueke, 39, of Tuscaloosa, Ala., were being held.
This month, two Britons and a Moroccan were sentenced to death by a separatist court after being caught fighting for Ukraine.
Mr. Peskov also said U.S. basketball star Brittney Griner, held in Russia for more than two months, was being prosecuted for drug offences and was not a hostage.
Russian customs officials say vape cartridges containing hashish oil were found in Ms. Griner’s luggage.
International concern has focused on trying to restore Ukrainian exports of food, now shut by a de facto Russian blockade. Ukraine is one of the world’s leading sources of grain and food oils, leading to fears of global shortages and hunger.
Russia blames the food crisis on Western sanctions curbing its own exports.
The war has also disrupted energy markets, including Russian shipments of oil and gas to Europe, still the continent’s main source of energy and Moscow’s primary income source. Moscow blames EU sanctions for a decline in gas volumes, saying they prevented it from restoring pipeline pumping equipment.
On Monday, U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said the United States is in talks with Canada and other allies to further restrict Moscow’s energy revenue by imposing a price cap on Russian oil.
Moscow, meanwhile, threatened to retaliate against EU member Lithuania for banning transport of basic goods to Kaliningrad, a Russian outpost on the Baltic Sea surrounded by EU territory. The ban, which took effect on Saturday, blocks shipments of coal, metals, construction materials and advanced technology.
Russia’s Foreign Ministry summoned Lithuania’s top diplomat and demanded Vilnius reverse the “openly hostile” move immediately, or else Russia “reserves the right to take actions to protect its national interests.” Lithuania said it was required to enforce the ban under EU sanctions.
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