Hurricane Ida barrelled into Cuba on Friday and churned toward a weekend U.S. landfall along the Louisiana coast, prompting advance evacuations of New Orleans residents and oil rig workers as President Joe Biden issued a federal emergency declaration.
By midday, Ida was packing maximum sustained winds of 120 kilometres per hour according to the National Hurricane Center, which expected the storm to strengthen further before coming ashore as a major hurricane in southeastern Louisiana on Sunday.
Forecasters said Ida would likely make U.S. landfall as a Category 3 storm on the five-step Saffir-Simpson scale with sustained winds of at least 178 km/h and heavy rainfall.
Widespread power outages and flooding from surging ocean surf were also predicted.
New Orleans city officials ordered residents to evacuate areas outside the city’s levee system, with voluntary evacuation notices for the rest of the parish.
Baton Rouge Mayor Sharon Weston Broome signed an emergency disaster declaration and said the city had prepositioned sand and sandbags at eight strategic locations as part of storm preparations.
Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards declared a state of emergency on Thursday, and on Friday Mr. Biden issued at prelandfall federal emergency declaration at Mr. Edwards’s request. This authorized the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to co-ordinate disaster relief efforts in the state.
“Unfortunately, Louisiana is forecast to get a direct, strong hit from Tropical Storm #Ida, which is compounded by our current fourth surge of COVID-19. This is an incredibly challenging time for our state,” Mr. Edwards wrote on Twitter.
U.S. energy companies racing to complete evacuations of offshore platforms in the Gulf ahead of the storm had reduced petroleum production by nearly 60 per cent and gas output by almost half, federal regulators said.
Caribbean takes first hit
Soon after being upgraded to hurricane status, Ida smashed into Cuba’s Isle of Youth, off the southwestern end of the Caribbean island country, meteorologists said.
They said the storm was expected to keep gaining strength and speed as it churned over northwestern Caribbean into the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico, endangering the coastlines of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama.
If forecasts proved accurate, Ida would end up making U.S. landfall 16 years after the region was devastated by Hurricane Katrina.
Officials in U.S. coastal areas preparing for the storm urged residents to move boats out of harbours and encouraged early evacuations.
Officials in Louisiana’s Lafourche Parish said they would enact a voluntary evacuation, especially for people in low-lying areas, mobile homes and RVs.
“By Saturday evening, everyone should be in the location where they intend to ride out the storm,” Mr. Edwards said on Thursday.
Cuba’s meteorology institute said Ida would cause storm surges as far east as Havana. The Governor of the Isle of Youth, Adian Morera, said an evacuation centre was ready to receive families in the main town of Nueva Gerona, and sea vessels had already been secured along the coast.
Jamaica was flooded by heavy rains, and there were landslides after the passage of the storm. Many roads were impassable, forcing some residents to abandon their homes.
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