Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Lofven is resigning after losing a confidence vote last week and he called on the country’s parliamentary speaker on Monday to try to form a new government instead of holding an early election.
Lofven, who has been premier since 2014 and heads the Social Democratic Party, became the first Swedish leader ever to lose a confidence vote in parliament. He didn’t call for an early election as the Swedish Constitution allows him to. He is formally stepping down, but will continue in a caretaker role until a new government can be formed.
“A snap election is not what is best for Sweden,” Lofven said. “The speaker will now begin work on proposing a prime minister who can be tolerated by the Riksdag (the assembly). The government will continue to govern the country for now but as the caretaking government.”
The parliament speaker since 2018, Andreas Norlen, will ask party leaders who may be able to form a government. He alone decides which of the party leaders can begin these talks.
It is expected that Lofven, who heads Sweden’s largest party with 100 of Riksdagen’s 349 seats, will start these talks. His Cabinet, a Social Democratic-Green coalition, is a minority government that has relied on votes from the small Left Party to pass laws.
The no-confidence motion against Lofven was called by the nationalist Sweden Democrats party – which has been criticizing the Social Democratic Party for years – but it ultimately succeeded because the Left Party withdrew its support from the government over proposed legislation to tackle a housing shortage. Lawmakers voted 181-109 against Lofven, with 51 abstentions.
The political situation in Sweden now seems deadlocked.
Lofven has been able to get the Left Party back as an ally but the small Liberals, which earlier supported the Social Democratic-led government, now want a centre-right government. The Conservatives, meanwhile, still want a Lofven at the helm but doesn’t want to made deals with the Sweden Democrats or the left-leaning Left Party.
In the centre-right bloc, the Moderates, Sweden’s second largest party, wants its leader Ulf Kristersson as prime minister.
The last time coalition talks took place in Sweden was following the 2018 election that created a deadlocked parliament. It took four months of negotiations to produce a government that Lofven presented in January 2019.
Norlen told Swedish broadcaster SVT that the different parties now know where the others “stand” and promised that government formation talks would be faster this time.
Jenny Madestam, a political analyst with the Swedish Defense University, also believes it will be faster this time “because we are in the pandemic crisis still and also because we have this experience now from the autumn in 2018,” Madestam told The Associated Press. “Nothing has changed in the parliament, actually.”
In the present assembly, the left-leaning side and the centre-right bloc have about 40 per cent of the vote each.
None of the sides want to co-operate with the Sweden Democrats, a right-wing populist party that is considered extreme.
In Sweden, the next general election will be held on Sept. 11.
Lofven, 63, said he was ready to head a government if that is what the Riksdagen wants.
“My party is ready to shoulder the responsibility to continue to lead our country forward together with other constructive forces,” he said.
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