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Walt Conti, founder and CEO of Edge Innovations, uses a handheld controller to move an animatronic dolphin in a tank at the company's warehouse in Fremont, Calif., on Sept. 30, 2020.

NATHAN FRANDINO/Reuters

Darting around the pool as a group of swimmers stands in the shallow end, the dolphin looks much like those that jump through hoops and perform acrobatics at theme parks.

But this marine creature is a robot.

“When I first saw the dolphin, I thought it could be real,” said a woman who swam with the remote-controlled creature.

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Edge Innovations, a U.S. engineering company with an animatronic and special effects division in California, designed the dolphin, which cost US$26-million.

It hopes that lifelike animatronics used in Hollywood movies could one day entertain crowds at theme parks, instead of wild animals held in captivity. Swimmers could dive with robotic great white sharks or even reptiles that filled Jurassic-era seas millions of years ago.

“There are like 3,000 dolphins currently in captivity being used to generate several billions of dollars just for dolphin experiences. And so there’s obviously an appetite to love and learn about dolphins,” Edge Innovations founder and chief executive Walt Conti said.

“And so we want to use that appetite and offer kind of different ways to fall in love with the dolphin.”

This robot dolphin is 550 pounds with medical grade silicone skin, and it could help end marine park captivity for good. Reuters

Animatronics may bring back audiences turned off by parks using live animals, Mr. Conti said.

Some 20 European countries have already banned or limited the presence of wild animals in circuses.

At Edge’s Hayward, Calif., headquarters, its 250-kilogram, 2.5-metre animatronic dolphin with skin made from medical-grade silicone headlined a program for schools in partnership with TeachKind, part of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA).

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Edge also made the aquatic creatures used in Hollywood blockbusters Free Willy, Deep Blue Sea and Anaconda.

“The idea of this pilot is really to create a kind of Sesame Street under water,” said Roger Holzberg, creative director for Edge’s animatronic program. “Those characters taught a generation how to feel about different kinds of aspects of humankind in ways that had never been imagined before. And that’s what we dream of with this project.”

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