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Committee chairman U.S. Sen. Lindsey Graham listens during the Senate Judiciary Committee confirmation hearing for Supreme Court Justice on Capitol Hill on October 12, 2020 in Washington, DC.

Pool/Getty Images

Democratic senators including vice-presidential nominee Kamala Harris on Monday painted President Donald Trump’s Supreme Court nominee Amy Coney Barrett as a threat to the Obamacare health care law during a deadly pandemic and denounced the Republican drive to approve her before the Nov. 3 U.S. election.

As the Senate judiciary committee began its four-day confirmation hearing for Justice Barrett, Democrats voiced their opposition even though they have little hope of derailing her nomination in the Republican-led Senate.

Republican senators praised Justice Barrett, an appellate court judge and a favourite of religious conservatives, as well qualified for a lifetime job on the high court and a worthy successor to the late liberal Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

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Justice Barrett wore a protective face mask and sat at a table with bottles of water, hand sanitizer and disinfectant wipes within reach as senators – some present in the room and some on video links because of COVID-19 concerns – made opening statements. Justice Barrett, who had a bout with the coronavirus earlier in the year, removed her mask when she was sworn in to deliver her own opening statement.

“I believe Americans of all backgrounds deserve an independent Supreme Court that interprets our Constitution and laws as they are written,” Justice Barrett said, with her husband and six of her seven children sitting behind her as she read from prepared remarks that had been made public on Sunday.

Justice Barrett’s confirmation would give the court a 6-3 conservative majority that could roll back abortion rights, expand religious and gun rights, and uphold Republican-backed voting restrictions, among other issues.

But it was the fate of the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA), Democratic former president Barack Obama’s signature domestic policy achievement that has enabled millions of Americans to obtain medical coverage, that was the focus of the Democrats. Justice Barrett has criticized a 2012 Supreme Court ruling authored by conservative Chief Justice John Roberts that upheld Obamacare.

Ms. Harris, the running mate of Mr. Trump’s Democratic election opponent Joe Biden, said the hearing should have been postponed because of COVID-19 worries and called the confirmation process so near an election rushed and illegitimate.

“I do believe this hearing is a clear attempt to jam through a Supreme Court nominee who will take away health care from millions of people during a deadly pandemic that has already killed more than 214,000 Americans,” Ms. Harris said, speaking via a video link.

“A clear majority of Americans want whomever wins the election to fill this seat, and my Republican colleagues know that. Yet they are deliberately defying the will of the people in their attempt to roll back the rights and protections provided under the Affordable Care Act,” Ms. Harris said.

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Republican efforts to repeal Obamacare in Congress have failed.

Justice Barrett could be confirmed in time to participate in a case to be argued on Nov. 10 in which Mr. Trump and Republican-led states are seeking to invalidate Obamacare. Some legal experts doubt the justices, even with Justice Barrett confirmed, would strike down Obamacare.

Democrats displayed posters of patients who could lose their medical coverage if Obamacare is invalidated, with senators recounting their individual stories. Obamacare bars insurance companies from denying coverage to people with pre-existing medical conditions.

Justice Barrett will face questioning from senators on Tuesday and Wednesday in a hearing that sets the stage for a full Senate vote by the end of October on confirming her. Republicans have a 53-47 majority so Justice Barrett’s confirmation seems almost certain.

‘WORLD IS WATCHING’

Republican Senator Ted Cruz said the Democratic focus on health care and other policy issues showed they were not contesting Justice Barrett’s qualifications to serve as a justice.

Republican committee chairman Lindsey Graham implored senators to keep the hearing respectful, saying, “Let’s remember, the world is watching.”

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“This is probably not about persuading each other, unless something really dramatic happens. All Republicans will vote yes and all Democrats will vote no,” Mr. Graham said.

Mr. Graham defended the Republicans' approach even while acknowledging that four years earlier they had refused to act on Mr. Obama’s nominee to fill a Supreme Court vacancy because it was an election year. There was nothing unconstitutional about proceeding now, Mr. Graham said.

Senator Patrick Leahy condemned the “mad rush” to fill the vacancy, accusing Republicans of trying to turn the courts into “an arm of the far right and the Republican Party.”

Republican Senator Mike Lee personally attended the hearing nine days after revealing he had tested positive for COVID-19.

More than 20 people were arrested at the Supreme Court and Senate office buildings amid demonstrations for and against Justice Barrett.

Christian conservative activists hope the court will overturn the 1973 Roe v. Wade ruling that legalized abortion nationwide. Justice Barrett is a devout Catholic who has expressed opposition to abortion.

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“Senate Republicans have found a nominee in Judge Barrett who they know will do what they couldn’t do – subvert the will of the American people and overturn Roe v. Wade,” Democratic Senator Cory Booker said.

Republicans sought to portray the Democrats as attacking Justice Barrett on religious grounds, although the Democrats steered clear of doing so.

Speaking to reporters in Delaware, Mr. Biden, who is Catholic, said Justice Barrett’s Catholic faith should be off limits.

“This nominee said she wants to get rid of the Affordable Care Act. The President wants to get rid of the Affordable Care Act,” Mr. Biden said. “Let’s keep our eye on the ball.”

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