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Security forces stand outside a polling station in Kampala, Uganda, Jan. 14, 2021.

Jerome Delay/The Associated Press

Ugandan opposition leader Bobi Wine’s party said on Sunday that it was preparing to challenge President Yoweri Museveni’s election win and condemned what it called the house arrest of Mr. Wine, as news emerged of two people killed in protests over the result.

Protests broke out on Saturday after results from Thursday’s election were announced in two areas, Luwero district north of Kampala and Masaka to the southwest, and security forces killed two people and arrested 23 in total, NTV Uganda reported on Sunday, citing local police.

No other details were immediately available about the protests.

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A nationwide internet blackout since the day before the vote has slowed the flow of information about the process.

“We have evidence of ballot stuffing and other forms of election malpractice and after putting it together we are going to take all measures that the law permits to challenge this fraud,” Maathias Mpuuga of Mr. Wine’s National Unity Party (NUP) told a news conference.

On Saturday the electoral commission declared Mr. Museveni the winner of Thursday’s vote, with final counts showing the president won 59 per cent of votes to Mr. Wine’s 35 per cent. Announcing the results, the commission congratulated Ugandans on a peaceful and successful process.

The United States and Britain issued statements on Saturday calling for investigations into fraud reports and other concerns over the electoral process. The campaign and election were marked by a deadly crackdown by security forces on opposition candidates and their supporters and an internet shutdown.

The African Union sent an observer team, but it did not arrive in Uganda until the day before the vote due to COVID-19 related issues, and observed polling only in the capital and its immediate environs, it said in a statement, describing its work as “more of a solidarity mission” than an “classical election observer mission.” An African election monitoring group that deployed 2,000 Ugandan observers reported irregularities.

Mr. Museveni, 76, in power since 1986 and one of Africa’s longest-serving leaders, said after he was declared winner that the election may turn out to be the “most cheating-free” in Uganda’s history.

In his victory speech, Mr. Museveni he said he was in politics to address historical challenges and reiterated a pre-election message that his government would deal decisively with anyone who disrupted peace in the country.

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Mr. Wine’s party said at the news conference that the opposition leader and his wife are unable to leave their home, which it said is surrounded by soldiers and police who are blocking members of his party and journalists from entering.

Mr. Wine, a 38-year-old musician-turned-lawmaker whose real name is Robert Kyagulanyi, was not reachable on Sunday.

On Friday and Saturday, Mr. Wine said he believed his life was in danger, that he was being silenced by Mr. Museveni’s government and that he urged Ugandans to reject the election results.

He also called on Western governments who have provided billions of dollars in aid to Uganda to hold the government accountable for what he called “mockery of democracy.”

Mr. Wine’s party also said that one of its MPs, Francis Zaake, was arrested on Friday while trying to access their leader’s compound. After being beaten by security forces, he was hospitalized for treatment of injuries, party spokesman Joel Seenyonye said at the news conference.

Police, military and government spokespeople did not immediately respond on Sunday to requests for comment on the scene at Mr. Wine’s house, or on Mr. Zaake.

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The government said during pre-election campaigning that it arrested opposition members and their supporters for breaking laws governing public order and COVID-19 restrictions on gatherings.

On Saturday, a military spokesman said security officers at Mr. Wine’s house were assessing threats he could face and might be preventing him from leaving for his own safety.

With results still coming in, Mr. Wine’s NUP won 56 seats in the new parliament, local media reported, up from zero in the previous parliament. Many ruling party lawmakers, including Vice-President Edward Ssekandi, lost their races.

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