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A worker packages spools of cotton yarn at a textile manufacturing plant, during a government organized trip for foreign journalists, in Aksu in western China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region on April 20, 2021.Mark Schiefelbein/The Associated Press

An annual report from the United Nations labour agency Friday highlighted the work conditions of Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities in China’s Xinjiang region, noting signs of “coercive measures” that deprive workers of free choice in selecting jobs.

It also called on Beijing to provide more information about how it’s respecting their rights.

The report from an International Labor Organization committee of experts tasked with helping countries uphold their own international commitments emphasized the labour rights aspect of China’s policies in the western Chinese region. Advocacy groups and Western governments, among others, have voiced human-rights concerns over the treatment of the region’s Muslims.

The 870-page report also chronicled an array of concerns about scores of countries that in effect were urged to improve workplace and job conditions.

The 20-member committee of independent international experts cited the Chinese government’s defence, given in a different report, of what it calls vocational training centres in Xinjiang. Beijing says the centres are intended to help improve economic conditions and defuse extremist violence in the region.

“The committee takes due note of the view expressed in the government’s report that ‘some forces recklessly sensationalize the so-called “forced labour” issue in Xinjiang on various occasions,’ adding that this is ‘nothing but a downright lie, a dirty trick with ulterior motives,’ " the International Labor Organization document states.

“The committee is bound to observe, however, that the employment situation of Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities in China provides numerous indications of coercive measures, many of which arise from regulatory and policy documents,” the ILO experts wrote.

They said “various indicators” pointed to the relocation of workers under security escort, the strict surveillance and “retention” of workers, and “the threat of internment in vocational education and training centres if workers do not accept `government administration.’ ”

The committee called on China’s government to provide more information about how its policies support “freely chosen employment” and prevent forced labour, and to provide information about the types of courses Uyghurs attend at the “training centres,” and the number of participants.

A spokesperson for the Chinese diplomatic mission in Geneva, where the UN agency is based, did not immediately respond to an e-mail and voice message from the Associated Press seeking comment.

The United States, which has repeatedly decried the conditions faced by Uyghurs, quickly responded to Friday’s report.

The State Department issued a statement “to reiterate our call for the [People’s Republic of China] to end its genocide and crimes against humanity perpetrated against the predominantly Muslim Uyghurs and members of other ethnic and religious minority groups in Xinjiang,” as well as its use of “forced labour.”

Britain’s ambassador in Geneva, Simon Manley, said the “evidence of the scale and the severity of the human-rights violations being perpetrated in Xinjiang, including forced labour, against the Uyghur Muslims is far-reaching.”

Mr. Manley said Britain welcomed the report, saying it “adds to the growing number of voices expressing deep concern about the situation in Xinjiang.”

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