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Venezuela will sell 15 tonnes of gold from central bank vaults to the United Arab Emirates in coming days in return for euros in cash, a senior official with knowledge of the plan said, as the crisis-stricken country seeks to stay solvent.

The sale this year of gold reserves that back the bolivar currency began with a shipment on Jan. 26 of three tonnes, the official said, and comes after the export last year of US$900-million of mostly unrefined gold to Turkey.

In total, the plan is to sell 29 tonnes of gold held in Caracas to the United Arab Emirates by February in order to provide liquidity for imports of basic goods, the source said, requesting anonymity in order to speak freely.

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Socialist President Nicolas Maduro is under intense pressure to step down, with Venezuela in a deep economic crisis and the government facing widespread international condemnation for elections last year seen as fraudulent.

The United States, which is backing an attempt by the opposition to oust Mr. Maduro and call new elections, warned bankers and traders on Wednesday not to deal in Venezuelan gold.

Republican U.S. Senator Marco Rubio sent a tweet to the United Arab Emirates embassy in Washington on Thursday warning that anybody transporting Venezuelan gold would be subject to U.S. sanctions.

Neither the embassy of the United Arab Emirates in Colombia, which covers Venezuela, or the central bank responded immediately to requests for comment.

Venezuela had gold reserves of 132 tonnes between the central bank’s vaults and the Bank of England at the end of November, according to central bank data.

Mr. Maduro’s government resorted to selling off gold about a year ago after falling oil production, the country’s wider economic collapse and mounting U.S. sanctions hit public income and made it hard for the country to access credit.

But the sale of large volumes of the reserves underpinning the currency is a significant escalation to which countries only generally resort in the most dire financial straits.

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By contrast, Mr. Maduro’s mentor, the late president Hugo Chavez, cited the need for Venezuela to have physical control of central bank assets. In 2011, he repatriated around 160 tonnes of gold from banks in the United States and Europe to the central bank in Caracas.

Some Chavez loyalists are critical of Mr. Maduro’s gold sales. Gustavo Marquez, a former trade minister under Mr. Chavez, said the government should not keep such operations in the dark.

“We don’t know what is exported any more, or under what conditions. They are operations that should be transparent,” he said in an interview.

Times have changed from the largesse of the Chavez era. Oil prices plummeted after Mr. Maduro took office in 2013, and he has overseen a sharp drop in oil production, but tried to keep up spending, leaving the government increasingly unable to pay debt or access new credit.

The three-tonne shipment that left Maiquetia airport on Jan. 26 was transported on small Venezuelan cargo airline Solar Cargo to the United Arab Emirates, the source said.

The same airline will be used to ship 15 tonnes as soon as Friday, and 11 tonnes in February, the source said.

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A person who answered the phone at Solar Cargo denied the company was involved in transporting gold, then hung up.

In recent days, the arrival of two Russian-operated planes at Maiquetia fired up rumours in Venezuela that they would leave with gold on board. That was incorrect, the source said, and has been denied by Moscow.

Buyers in the United Arab Emirates pay Venezuela with cash in euros for the gold, said the source, who did not mention which companies were involved in the transactions.

HUNGER FOR EUROS

In a possible explanation for the hunger for euros, which are subject to fewer restrictions than dollars, the central bank told private banks this week they should supply euros to private importers, banking and business sources said.

The government told businesses that it was winding down its own imports of basic products, the sources said. Mr. Maduro’s socialist government has, for years, imported basic products, from rice to toilet paper, to sell at subsidized prices.

That appears to be changing as sanctions make it harder for foreign companies to do business with the Venezuelan state.

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Between January, 2018, and September, 2018, Venezuela exported US$900-million of unrefined gold to Turkey, according to Turkish government statistics.

But once supplies of unrefined gold from Venezuela’s small-scale mines ran low, the central bank began to sell gold reserves to allied countries, the source said. Central bank data shows a decline in gold reserves over the past year.

In January, 2018, the bank held 150 tonnes of gold. By November, holdings had fallen to a 75-year low of 132 tonnes, central bank data showed.

Calixto Ortega, president of Venezuela’s central bank, met with Bank of England officials in December to discuss repatriating the gold it holds, but was unable to convince them, according to sources familiar with the situation.

Mr. Rubio said that a “French national” working for Noor Capital was in Caracas “to arrange the theft of more Gold from #venezuela.” Noor Capital is an Abu Dhabi-based financial-services company. It did not immediately respond to request for comment outside of office hours.

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