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U.S. Senator Kyrsten Sinema arrives to a Senate Democratic lunch to discuss the party's push to enact voting rights legislation and possible changes to Senate rules, on Capitol Hill in Washington on Jan. 13.JONATHAN ERNST/Reuters

U.S. President Joe Biden’s attempt to rally Democrats on Thursday to alter Senate rules and pass voting-rights laws was stymied, even before he arrived at the U.S. Capitol, by opposition from a key moderate lawmaker.

U.S. Senator Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona said in a speech on the Senate floor on Thursday – less than an hour before Mr. Biden’s lunchtime arrival – that the “filibuster rule” that allows a minority of senators to block legislation was necessary to prevent worsening political divisions in the country.

After Mr. Biden left the Capitol following his meeting with Democrats, West Virginia Democrat Joe Manchin joined Ms. Sinema in opposing Senate rule changes.

While officials were not anticipating any breakthroughs, Mr. Biden continued pressing his case with Ms. Sinema and Mr. Manchin. The two senators met Mr. Biden on Thursday evening at the White House for a meeting that lasted over an hour, the administration said.

When he left the Capitol, the President acknowledged his party may not succeed in getting a voting-rights bill passed.

“I hope we can get this done, but I’m not sure,” Mr. Biden told reporters. “One thing for certain: Like every other major civil-rights bill that came along, if we miss the first time, we can come back and try it a second time. We missed this time.”

Mr. Biden and many fellow Democrats have ratcheted up their campaign to pass voting-rights legislation after spending much of his first year in office on infrastructure and spending bills focused on COVID-19 relief, infrastructure and social safety net programs.

They are pushing new legislation that they say would protect access to the ballot, particularly for minority voters, as Republican-controlled states enact new restrictions ahead of the Nov. 8 congressional elections.

Non-white voters disproportionately support Democratic candidates for federal office.

The Democratic-controlled House of Representatives passed a voting bill on Thursday. But Democrats cannot overcome universal Republican opposition in the Senate without changing the chamber’s filibuster rule, which requires 60 of the 100 senators to agree on most legislation. Democrats hold 50 seats.

“I will not support separate actions that worsen the underlying disease of division in our country,” Ms. Sinema said on the Senate floor.

Ms. Sinema and Mr. Manchin voted in December to sidestep the 60-vote threshold to raise the country’s debt limit without Republican support.

Independent Senator Angus King, who caucuses with the Democrats, said he thought Mr. Biden made a powerful case when he met with lawmakers.

“It looks like the path forward is very difficult, particularly based on Senator Sinema’s statement today,” he said. “She believes that the risk of changing the filibuster is greater than the risk of what’s going on in the states. I hope profoundly that she’s right. I fear that she’s wrong.”

Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer on Wednesday outlined a strategy to ensure a Senate floor debate on voting rights, after three separate attempts last year were stymied by Republicans. He did not specify when the debate will start.

The House repackaged and passed two elections-related bills as one, sending it to the Senate under a special procedure preventing Republicans from blocking debate. The bill was approved along party lines.

Mitch McConnell, the Senate’s minority leader, on Wednesday reiterated that Republicans oppose Democrats’ voting-rights legislation and changes to the filibuster.

Democratic former president Barack Obama wrote in a USA Today opinion piece on Thursday that the filibuster rule has become a tool for the chamber’s minority to obstruct moves supported by most voters.

“We can’t allow it to be used to block efforts to protect our democracy,” Mr. Obama wrote.

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