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On a cloudy afternoon this summer, Christine Hallquist, a former utility executive from Vermont, listened closely as Danica Roem, the Virginia state delegate who won national recognition when she became the first transgender person elected to her state’s Legislature, offered tips as the pair canvassed a stark residential neighborhood here.

Hallquist is transgender, too, but Roem’s advice had nothing to do with gender identity. Try a light, rhythmic knock. Leave a handwritten note with campaign literature if no one is home. Try to earn every vote.

“I have so much to learn,” Hallquist said, duly incorporating Roem’s lessons with each new knock.

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On Tuesday, those lessons paid off, and Hallquist, a Democrat, made history of her own. She became the first transgender candidate to be nominated for a governorship by a major party, beating three other candidates in Vermont’s Democratic primary, according to The Associated Press.

It is a remarkable milestone, even for an election year already dominated by an influx of women and a record number of candidates who identify as lesbian, gay, transgender or queer.

“Our first transgender candidates have just been in the last few years,” said Annise Parker, chief executive of the LGBTQ Victory Fund, which trains and supports gay and transgender candidates. “Now it is becoming routine to see transgender candidates running and winning.”

Hallquist was not the only transgender candidate on the ballot in the country in recent days. In Hawaii on Saturday, Kim Coco Iwamoto, a lawyer, lost her bid to be the Democrats’ nominee for lieutenant governor.

And more transgender candidates will be on the ballot soon, including Alexandra Chandler, a former naval intelligence analyst who is running in Massachusetts’ 3rd District. Chandler is trying to differentiate herself in a crowded congressional primary in early September by emphasizing both her national security bona fides and the historic nature of her candidacy. “I’m running for Congress,” she said in a recent campaign video, “to be a voice for trans kids out there.”

The Democratic primary in Vermont was a fairly sleepy affair, with no big-name contenders to block a first-time candidate like Hallquist. But from here, her path to the governor’s office could be a narrow one, even though she is a Democrat running in a deeply progressive state. She faces a Republican incumbent, Phil Scott, who is running for his second term with history on his side – Vermonters have not thrown out an incumbent governor since 1962. The nonpartisan Cook Political Report rates the seat as “safe Republican.”

Scott’s popularity fell, however, especially among conservatives, after he signed gun control measures this year. Still, a poll in July by public media organizations in the state found two-thirds of Vermonters supported the law, and nearly half of Democrats had a favorable opinion of Scott. Only 18 per cent of Democratic respondents in the same poll said they had a favorable opinion of Hallquist, and 55 per cent did not yet know who she was.

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That may change now that Hallquist is the nominee, and she is likely to draw national attention – and fundraising dollars – because of the historic potential of her candidacy. “She’ll raise more money and her message will get out there more,” said Eric Davis, an emeritus professor at Vermont’s Middlebury College. “Even if she doesn’t get elected governor, the greatest contribution of her campaign could be to raise awareness about the issues transgender people face.”

Before she ran for governor, Hallquist spent 12 years as the chief executive of the Vermont Electric Cooperative, an in-state power utility she helped to bring back from near ruin. Her transition from male to female took place in 2015, while she was at the helm of the company, and was the subject of a documentary film made by her son.

As a candidate, she made it part of her stump speech, drawing knowing laughs from her female supporters at a fundraiser this summer as she talked about what it was like to experience life as a woman for the first time.

“I remember the first time after transitioning, a stranger walking by told me to smile – I’m like, ‘Who the heck are you to tell me to smile?’” Hallquist said. “What my transition has taught me is just how far we have to go.”

“I ask that you join me,” she added, “to ensure that we can look back at 2018 and say that was the year we made Vermont history.”

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