Former White House national security adviser John Bolton said Monday that he is “prepared to testify” if he is subpoenaed by the U.S. Senate in its impeachment trial of President Donald Trump, a surprise statement that bolstered Democrats in their push for new witnesses.
Mr. Bolton, who left the White House in September, said that he has weighed the issues of executive privilege and after “careful consideration and study” decided he would comply with any Senate subpoena.
“If the Senate issues a subpoena for my testimony, I am prepared to testify,” he said in a statement.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has publicly expressed resistance to calling new witnesses in the forthcoming trial, while Democrats are pressing to hear from Mr. Bolton and others who did not appear before the House in its impeachment inquiry.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has stalled the transmission of House-passed articles of impeachment against Mr. Trump in a bid for that witness testimony. Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer has proposed calling several witnesses, including Mr. Bolton and acting White House chief of staff Mick Mulvaney, but Mr. McConnell has so far rejected those terms.
It is uncertain when Ms. Pelosi will eventually send the articles to the Senate. If she decides to do so in the coming days, a trial could start as soon as this week.
In a tweet Monday, Ms. Pelosi did not address the timing. But she said Mr. Trump and Mr. McConnell have “run out of excuses” for not calling witnesses or producing documents Mr. Trump has blocked.
It’s unclear whether Mr. Bolton’s testimony would hurt or help the President. The two clashed while he was in the White House and offered differing versions of whether Mr. Bolton resigned or was fired when he left office in September.
If Mr. Bolton were to appear, his testimony would give Congress and the public a highly anticipated, first-hand account from a senior Trump adviser who was present for key moments that have been described by others.
He’d almost certainly be asked, for instance, about a comment he was reported to have made to another White House adviser that he did not want to be “part of whatever drug deal” European Union ambassador Gordon Sondland and Mr. Mulvaney were “cooking up” as Mr. Trump pressed Ukraine to investigate Democrats.
That pressure, as Mr. Trump was withholding security aid to Ukraine, was at the heart of the inquiry in the House, which voted to impeach Mr. Trump on Dec. 18.
Mr. Schumer said in a statement after Mr. Bolton’s announcement that “momentum for uncovering the truth in a Senate trial continues.”
He said that it is “now up to four Senate Republicans to support bringing in Mr. Bolton” and the other witnesses he has proposed. Republicans hold the Senate with a 53-seat majority, and Democrats would have to find four Republicans to vote with them to support a subpoena.
If any Republican opposes the subpoenas Democrats have proposed, Mr. Schumer said, “they would make absolutely clear they are participating in a cover-up.”
Mr. McConnell has repeatedly called for a swift trial, with a possible final vote after opening arguments.
“We can’t hold a trial without the articles,” Mr. McConnell tweeted in the hours before Mr. Bolton’s statement. “The Senate’s own rules don’t provide for that. So, for now, we are content to continue the ordinary business of the Senate while House Democrats continue to flounder. For now.”
Mr. Bolton’s willingness to testify averts a potential legal standoff over whether close aides to the President can be forced to appear before Congress. Mr. Trump and his lawyers have claimed that those aides should not have to testify, arguing that they have special immunity, or executive privilege, not to.
The issue remains undecided in the courts now that a federal judge dismissed last week a lawsuit from Mr. Bolton’s former deputy, Charles Kupperman, who had asked the court whether he had to comply with a House subpoena or follow a White House order that he not testify. U.S. District Judge Richard Leon dismissed the case as moot, noting that the House had withdrawn its subpoena for Mr. Kupperman and had said that it didn’t plan to reissue one.
The case had been closely watched for the repercussions it carried for Mr. Bolton’s testimony.
House intelligence committee chairman Adam Schiff signalled in a tweet that he will not call Mr. Bolton again in the House, writing that “the Senate must allow testimony from him, Mulvaney and others.”
Mr. Schiff had invited Mr. Bolton to testify in the inquiry, but had not subpoenaed him, saying he didn’t want the impeachment case to languish in courts. Instead, the House voted to impeach Mr. Trump for obstruction of Congress.
The Associated Press reported in November that Mr. Bolton is writing a book and has a deal with publisher Simon & Schuster, according to three publishing officials with knowledge of the situation. Two said the deal was worth US$2-million. They spoke on condition of anonymity because they weren’t authorized to speak publicly.
Mr. Trump tweeted Monday morning that the impeachment “hoax” must “end quickly.”
“It is a con game by the Dems to help with the Election!,” the President tweeted.
Our Morning Update and Evening Update newsletters are written by Globe editors, giving you a concise summary of the day’s most important headlines. Sign up today.