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'My goal is to start this trial in the next coming days,' Republican Senator Lindsey Graham, seen here on Dec. 9, 2019, told Fox News Channel’s Sunday Morning Futures.ANDREW CABALLERO-REYNOLDS/AFP/Getty Images

The head of the U.S. Senate judiciary committee said on Sunday he wants the Senate to launch an impeachment trial of U.S. President Donald Trump within days and wrap it up this month, even if it means changing Senate rules.

The Democratic-controlled House of Representatives last month voted to impeach Mr. Trump for abuse of power in pressing Ukraine to investigate a political rival and for obstructing the House impeachment probe.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, however, has not yet sent the articles of impeachment to the Republican-led Senate, where the President would be tried, as Democrats have sought to press Republicans to call witnesses.

Speaking on Fox News Channel’s Sunday Morning Futures, Republican Senator Lindsey Graham said he wants to change the Senate rules to kick-start a trial if Ms. Pelosi does not send the articles of impeachment.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, a Republican, said on Friday the Senate cannot proceed with a trial under its rules until it receives them.

Mr. McConnell has argued that any decision on potential witnesses should come after senators have heard opening arguments and have had a chance to ask questions.

“My goal is to start this trial in the next coming days,” Mr. Graham said. “If we don’t get the articles this week, then we need to take matters in our own hands and change the rules.”

“This thing needs to be over with in January,” he said, arguing that a delay denies Mr. Trump an opportunity to confront the accusations and impedes the U.S. Congress’s ability to pursue other business.

Mr. McConnell’s office on Sunday did not comment on Mr. Graham’s call for a possible rule change.

An aide to Ms. Pelosi referred to a statement she issued on Friday in which she accused Mr. McConnell of being complicit in Mr. Trump’s “cover-up of his abuses of power.”

U.S. Representative Adam Schiff, the Democratic chair of the House intelligence committee that led the House impeachment proceedings, said on CNN: “Both Democrats and Republicans are now having to go on the record and say, ‘Do we want witnesses? Do we want to see the documents? Do we want the American people to hear the evidence? Do we want a real trial? Or do we want a cover-up?’ It’s clear, I think, from the President and Mitch McConnell they don’t want a trial any more.”

With no agreement in sight on how to proceed, senators on Monday are expected to resume consideration of a nominee to head the Small Business Administration as they return to town for business after a holiday break.

Mr. Trump is accused of abusing his power by asking Ukraine to announce a corruption investigation of former U.S. vice-president Joe Biden, a leading candidate for the Democratic nomination to face Mr. Trump in the November presidential election.

He was also accused of obstructing Congress by directing administration officials and agencies not to co-operate with the House impeachment inquiry.

Mr. Trump says he did nothing wrong and has dismissed his impeachment as a partisan bid to undo his 2016 election win.

With Mr. Trump’s fellow Republicans controlling the Senate with a 53-47 majority, he is unlikely to be convicted and removed from office, which would require a two-thirds majority vote.

Democrats, however, hope they could peel off a few Republicans to push through a resolution for witnesses, which would only require a simple majority.

Allowing witness testimony could bring up new evidence damaging to Mr. Trump.

“We need the truth,” Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer said on Twitter. “Not a cover-up. Not a nationally televised mock trial with no evidence.”

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