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Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi at the Capitol, in Washington, on Jan. 8, 2020.

J. Scott Applewhite/The Associated Press

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said Thursday she will “soon” transmit the articles of impeachment against U.S. President Donald Trump, signalling a potential thaw in the standoff with Senate Republicans as she warned against rushing to an acquittal without a fair trial.

Ms. Pelosi faces mounting pressure from Republicans and some Democrats to quit delaying the President’s trial in the Senate, three weeks after the House Democrats impeached Mr. Trump on charges of abuse and obstruction. Republicans say Democrats are embarrassed by their vote. But Ms. Pelosi countered that Democrats are `’proud” of upholding the Constitution and said she doubted that Senate Republicans will do the same.

Many on Capitol Hill expect the Senate impeachment trial to begin next week.

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“I’ll send them over when I’m ready. That will probably be soon,” Ms. Pelosi told reporters at the Capitol, noting she is not postponing it “indefinitely.”

The standoff between the House speaker and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has been a test of wills between the two power centres in Congress over what would be the third impeachment trial in the country’s history.

Mr. McConnell said that if Ms. Pelosi and House Democrats are “too embarrassed” to send the articles of impeachment, the Senate will simply move on next week to other business.

“They do not get to trap our entire country into an unending Groundhog Day of impeachment without resolution,” Mr. McConnell said.

In the weeks since Mr. Trump was impeached, Democrats have focused on new evidence about Mr. Trump’s effort to put pressure on Ukraine to investigate his political rivals and they pushed the Senate to consider new testimony, including from former White House national-security adviser John Bolton. Republicans are just as focused on a speedy trial with acquittal.

Republicans have the leverage, with a slim 53-47 Senate majority, as Mr. McConnell rebuffs the Democratic demands for testimony and documents. But Democrats are using the delay to sow public doubt about the fairness of the process as they try to peel off wavering GOP senators for the coming votes. It takes just 51 senators to set the rules.

“When we say fair trial, we mean facts, we mean witnesses, we mean documents,” said Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, promising votes ahead. “Every single one of us, in this Senate, will have to have to take a stand. How do my Republican friends want the American people, their constituents and history to remember them?”

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Mr. Trump weighed in from the White House suggesting that he, too, would like more witnesses at trial. They include former vice-president Joe Biden, who is seeking the Democratic presidential nomination now, and his son Hunter, as well as the government whistle-blower whose complaint about the President’s pressure on Ukraine sparked the impeachment investigation.

On a July telephone call with Ukraine’s new President, Mr. Trump asked his counterpart to open an investigation into the Bidens while holding up military aid for Ukraine. A Ukrainian gas company had hired Hunter Biden when his father was vice-president and the Obama administration’s point man on Ukraine. There is no evidence of wrongdoing by either Biden.

Mr. Trump suggested that his administration would continue to block Mr. Bolton or others from the administration from appearing before senators. Many of those officials have defied congressional subpoenas for their testimony.

“When we start allowing national-security advisers to just go up and say whatever they want to say, we can’t do that,” Mr. Trump said during an event with building contractors. “So we have to protect presidential privilege for me, but for future presidents. That’s very important.”

Mr. Bolton, one of four witnesses that Democrats have requested, said this week that he would testify if subpoenaed.

U.S. Senate Majority leader Mitch McConnell said on Wednesday the Senate would not haggle with the House of Representatives over procedures for President Donald Trump’s impeachment trial, adding that the Senate would make a decision on calling witnesses for the trial at the appropriate time. Jonah Green reports. Reuters

Mr. McConnell has said from the start he is looking to model Mr. Trump’s trial on the last time the Senate convened as the court of impeachment, for former president Bill Clinton in 1999. Mr. McConnell has said there will be “no haggling” with House Democrats over Senate procedures.

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“There will be no unfair, new rule rule-book written solely for President Trump,” Mr. McConnell said Thursday.

Mr. McConnell, who met with Mr. Trump late Wednesday at the White House, suggested last month it would be “fine with me” if the House never sent the articles. More recently, he has drawn on the Constitution’s intent for the Senate to have the ultimate say on matters of impeachment. He scoffed that Ms. Pelosi has "managed to do the impossible“ by uniting Democrats and Republicans who want the trial to begin.

Some Democrats have been showing increased anxiety over the delay as Americans remain divided over Ms. Trump’s impeachment.

One top lawmaker, Representative Adam Smith of Washington, the chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, told CNN on Thursday “it’s time” to send over the charges. But shortly afterward, he tweeted that he misspoke: “If the Speaker believes that holding on to the articles for a longer time will help force a fair trial in the Senate, then I wholeheartedly support that decision.”

It was a stunning turnaround, perhaps the most public, as Democratic leaders try to keep House and Senate lawmakers in line with their strategy.

The delay on impeachment has also upended the political calendar, with the week-long trial now expected to bump into presidential nominating contests, which begin in early February. Several Democratic senators are running for the party’s nomination.

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One 2020 hopeful, Senatorry Cory Booker of New Jersey, told the Associated Press’s Ground Game podcast that a looming impeachment trial and other pressing issues in Washington could deal a “big, big blow” to his presidential campaign by keeping him away from Iowa in the final weeks before the Feb. 3 caucuses.

As Ms. Pelosi dashed into a morning meeting at the Capitol, she was asked whether she had any concerns about losing support from Democrats for her strategy. She told reporters: “No.”

“I know exactly when” to send the impeachment articles over, Ms. Pelosi said. “I won’t be telling you right now.”

Ms. Pelosi is seeking what she says she wanted from the start – “to see the arena” and “terms of the engagement” that Mr. McConnell will use for the trial – before sending her House managers to present the articles of impeachment in the Senate. She has yet to choose the managers, a source of political intrigue as many lawmakers want the high-profile job.

The House impeached Mr. Trump in December on the charge that he abused the power of his office by pressuring Ukraine’s new leader to investigate Democrats, including the Bidens, using as leverage US$400-million in military assistance for the U.S. ally as it counters Russia at its border. Mr. Trump insists he did nothing wrong, but his defiance of the House Democrats’ investigation led to an additional charge of obstruction of Congress.

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