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  • Supporters of President Donald Trump argue with a counter protester (R) in Detroit, Michigan.John Moore/Getty Images

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Backers of both U.S. President Donald Trump and his Democratic rival Joe Biden staged competing demonstrations on Thursday at voting centres in U.S. states where final vote tallies could determine who occupies the White House for the next four years.

Protests have been scattered, small and largely peaceful since Americans went to the polls on Tuesday, defying pre-election fears that tensions could erupt into violence or riots.

Live U.S. election results map: Watch Donald Trump and Joe Biden’s presidential battle, state by state

To many, this U.S. election became a referendum on race

Mr. Biden’s supporters have adopted the slogan “count every vote,” saying that a complete and accurate tabulation in the remaining battleground states would show the former vice-president had won the 270 electoral votes needed to win.

Mr. Trump’s backers countered with chants of “protect the vote” as the President goes to court in several states to challenge some categories of ballots, such as those arriving in the mail after Election Day, or demanding recounts.

Both sides held rallies in Philadelphia on Thursday, where election staffers slowly counted thousands of mail-in ballots that could award Mr. Biden or Mr. Trump Pennsylvania’s crucial 20 Electoral College votes.

Trump activists waved flags and carried signs saying: “Vote stops on Election Day” and “Sorry, polls are closed” as Biden supporters danced to music behind a barricade across the street.

“We can’t allow the ballot counters to be intimidated,” said retired social worker Bob Posuney, a 70-year-old supporter of Mr. Biden wearing a “count every vote” T-shirt as the Marvin Gaye song What’s Going On filled the air.

In Harrisburg, Pa., about 100 supporters of Mr. Trump gathered on the steps of the Pennsylvania Capitol Building as part of a “Stop the Steal” demonstration organized by Virginia conservative activist Scott Presler.

Some carried Trump signs, others American flags and a few wore T-shirts emblazoned with a logo denoting the conspiracy theory known as QAnon.

“This is not a rally supporting a particular candidate,” Mr. Presler said. “This is a rally fighting for two things: truth and justice.” He said in an interview that he planned to raise funds for an audit of the state’s vote count.

Republican U.S. Representative Jim Jordan of Ohio, an outspoken supporter of Mr. Trump, said at the state capitol building he was concerned about ballots arriving in the mail without a clear postmark.

“The administration wants to count every legal vote, every legitimate ballot,” Mr. Jordan said. “This is the closest election we’ve maybe ever had. You don’t want ballots that arrived after the Election Day with an indistinguishable postmark.”

Earlier on Thursday, a state appellate court ruled that Republican observers could enter the building in Philadelphia where poll workers were counting ballots.

Although counting was already completed in Michigan, projected by several major news outlets as a win for Mr. Biden, a few dozen Trump supporters waved flags and signs outside a Detroit counting centre.

Elizabeth Fohey, a 74-year-old retired dental hygienist from Troy, Mich., said she was skeptical that election officials were counting all conservative votes. “My message is to have the vote done correctly,” she said, dressed in a U.S.-flag-themed windbreaker.

In Wisconsin, Bobbie Dunlap, an information-technology worker who lives in Genoa City, complained that she had voted in person for Mr. Trump on Election Day but her vote still had not been marked as processed on Wisconsin’s website.

“We are organizing a peaceful march on the capital to ask for a full audit of the election here in Wisconsin,” she said.

Mr. Trump’s campaign has called for a recount in the state, where news organizations have pronounced Mr. Biden the winner by a razor-thin margin.

In Washington, a procession of cars and bicycles sponsored by activists from a group called Shutdown DC paraded slowly through the streets of the capital to protest what they called “an attack on the democratic process” by Mr. Trump and his “enablers,” according to its website.

Most demonstrations in cities around the country have been peaceful and small – sometimes amounting only to a few dozen people with signs standing in a city centre – as Mr. Biden’s path to victory looked a bit more assured than Mr. Trump’s. Either outcome remains possible.

Police in New York, Denver, Minneapolis and Portland, Ore., said they had arrested some protesters, often on charges of blocking traffic or similar misdemeanours.

Hoping to avoid Election Day crowds during the coronavirus pandemic, more than 100 million Americans submitted ballots during early voting this year, a record-breaking number.

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