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Speaking to reporters as he departed Morristown, N.J., Mr. Trump was dismissive of the report.Jonathan Ernst/Reuters

Britain’s ambassador to the United States described President Donald Trump’s administration as “dysfunctional,” “clumsy” and “inept,” the Mail on Sunday newspaper reported, citing a series of confidential memos.

The report drew ire from Mr. Trump, who said the British ambassador, Sir Kim Darroch, “did not serve the U.K. well.”

In memos to the British government, which date from 2017 to the present, Sir Kim said Trump “radiates insecurity” and advises officials in London that to deal with him effectively “you need to make your points simple, even blunt.”

“We don’t really believe this Administration is going to become substantially more normal; less dysfunctional; less unpredictable; less faction riven; less diplomatically clumsy and inept,” Sir Kim wrote in one, according to the newspaper.

In others, the newspaper said he had described the administration as “uniquely dysfunctional” and that media reports about White House “knife fights” are “mostly true.”

Speaking to reporters as he departed Morristown, N.J., Mr. Trump was dismissive of the report. “We’ve had our little ins and outs with a couple of countries and I’d say that the U.K. and the ambassador has not served the U.K. well, I can tell you that.”

“We are not big fans of that man and he has not served the U.K. well so I can understand and I can say things about him but I won’t bother,” Mr. Trump said.

Sir Kim wrote that “we could also be at the beginning of a downward spiral, rather than just a roller coaster: something could emerge that leads to disgrace and downfall.”

But he also warned British officials not to write Mr. Trump off, saying there was a “credible path” to him winning a second term in office. He said Mr. Trump may “emerge from the flames, battered but intact, like [Arnold] Schwarzenegger in the final scenes of The Terminator.”

A spokesman for Britain’s Foreign Office said the public would expect ambassadors “to provide ministers with an honest, unvarnished assessment of the politics in their country.”

“Their views are not necessarily the views of ministers or indeed the government. But we pay them to be candid,” the spokesman said.

“It’s important that our ambassadors can offer their advice and for it to remain confidential. Our team in Washington have strong relations with the White House and no doubt these will withstand such mischievous behaviour.”

The Foreign Office later said a formal investigation into the leak would take place.

In a memo written last month, Sir Kim described confusion within the administration over Mr. Trump’s decision to call off a military strike on Iran, and wrote that the President citing the number of predicted casualties as the reason he had changed his mind “didn’t stand up.”

“It’s more likely that he was never fully on board and that he was worried about how this apparent reversal of his 2016 campaign promises would look come 2020,” Sir Kim wrote, adding that Mr. Trump could still engage in a conflict with Iran.

“Just one more Iranian attack somewhere in the region could trigger yet another Trump U-turn. Moreover, the loss of a single American life would probably make a critical difference.”

During a state visit to Britain last month, Mr. Trump was effusive about the “special relationship” between the United States and Britain, promising a “phenomenal” trade deal after Britain leaves the European Union.

The Mail on Sunday reported that, in a message sent after that visit, Sir Kim said that the President and his team had been “dazzled” by the visit and Britain might be “flavour of the month” but “this is still the land of America First.”

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