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U.S. President Donald Trump speaks during a cabinet meeting at the White House, in Washington, on Nov. 19, 2019.

The Associated Press

President Donald Trump on Friday accused a witness in the Democratic-led impeachment inquiry of lying and offered an explanation for his controversial use of his personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani on Ukraine policy, saying that Mr. Giuliani’s alleged crime-fighting abilities were needed to deal with a so-called corrupt country.

Mr. Trump made his remarks the day after the fifth and final scheduled day of public hearings in the U.S. House of Representatives inquiry, which threatens his presidency even as he seeks re-election in November 2020.

The Republican president took issue with testimony on Thursday by David Holmes, a U.S. embassy official in Ukraine. Holmes said under oath that at a Kyiv restaurant he overheard a July 26 cellphone conversation in which Mr. Trump loudly pressed Gordon Sondland, the U.S. ambassador to the European Union, for details on whether Ukraine would carry out politically motivated investigations the president was seeking.

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“I guarantee you that never took place,” Mr.Trump told Fox News Channel’s “Fox & Friends” program.

“That was a total phoney deal,” he added.

Mr. Trump appointed Mr. Sondland to the envoy post after the wealthy Oregon hotelier donated US$1-million to his inaugural committee. While testifying, Mr. Sondland described an easygoing relationship between the two. However, Mr. Trump said on Friday he had spoken with him “a few times,” adding, “I hardly know him, OK?”

In another development, Trump’s former national security adviser John Bolton said that Twitter Inc had returned control to him of his personal account. He accused the White House of blocking his access to it after he left his post in September.

In a post on the account, Mr. Bolton asked whether the White House had done so, “out of fear of what I may say?” A person close to Mr. Bolton told Reuters there were numerous requests made to the White House on Bolton’s behalf to stop blocking his access before going to the company to regain control.

Mr. Bolton so far has declined to cooperate in the impeachment inquiry.

Later on Friday, Mr. Bolton told reporters at the Union Station in Washington: “We have regained control of the Twitter account. Twitter detached the White House.”

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Asked if he was prepared to testify at the impeachment hearings, Mr. Bolton said: “I have no comment.”

Mr. Trump, a prolific Twitter user, denied in the Fox interview that Mr. Bolton’s access had been blocked by the White House.

Twitter did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Testimony at the hearings put a spotlight on Mr.Trump’s decision to give Mr. Giuliani, a private citizen with no formal job in his administration, an outsized role to shape American policy toward Ukraine rather than using the U.S. government’s usual diplomatic and national security channels.

Mr. Bolton is among the various U.S. officials described as being alarmed at Mr. Giuliani’s actions, including pushing Ukraine to conduct two investigations that could harm Mr. Trump’s political adversaries. Former White House Russia expert Fiona Hill recalled how Mr. Bolton called Mr. Giuliani "a hand grenade who’s going to blow everybody up.”

During the hearings, current and former White House officials and diplomats voiced alarm at Mr. Giuliani’s activities, such as trying to push Ukraine to carry out two investigations that could harm Mr.Trump’s political adversaries.

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Mr Trump said Mr. Giuliani was the right person for the job.

“He’s like an iconic figure in this country for two reasons. He was the greatest mayor in the history of New York and he was the greatest crime fighter probably in the last 50 years,” Mr. Trump said of Mr. Giuliani, who previously served as the mayor of the largest U.S. city and as a federal prosecutor.

“He’s also a friend of mine. He’s a great person,” Mr. Trump added. “ … When you’re dealing with a corrupt country – if Rudy Giuliani – he’s got credentials because of his reputation. … When Rudy Giuliani goes there and you hear it’s a corrupt country, I mean, it means a lot.”

A focus of the inquiry is a July 25 telephone call in which Mr. Trump asked Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky to open two investigations.

One involved former vice-president Joe Biden, a top contender for the Democratic nomination to face Trump in the 2020 presidential election, and his son Hunter Biden, who had worked for Ukrainian energy company Burisma. Mr. Trump has accused Joe Biden of corruption, but has not provided evidence. Joe Biden has denied wrongdoing.

The other investigation involved a debunked conspiracy theory promoted by Mr. Trump’s allies that Ukraine meddled in the 2016 U.S. presidential election to hurt his candidacy and boost Democratic rival Hillary Clinton.

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U.S. intelligence agencies and former Special Counsel Robert Mueller determined that Russia used a campaign of propaganda and hacking to interfere in the election to try to help Trump win.

GIULIANI’S ROLE

Testimony in the impeachment inquiry has shown that Mr. Trump in May instructed top U.S. officials to work with Mr. Giuliani on Ukraine policy. This came after the president removed Marie Yovanovitch as U.S. ambassador to Ukraine at Mr. Giuliani’s urging even as the former mayor was pressing officials in Kyiv to conduct the two investigations.

Democrats also are looking into whether Mr. Trump abused his power by withholding $391-million in security aid to Ukraine as leverage to pressure Kyiv into digging up dirt on his political adversaries. The money – approved by the U.S. Congress to help Ukraine combat Russia-backed separatists in the eastern part of the country – was provided to Ukraine in September only after the controversy spilled into public view.

Mr. Trump’s allies have argued that the two investigations were not aimed at gaining a domestic political advantage but rather at combatting corruption in a country receiving millions of dollars in U.S. aid.

Various administration officials expressed alarm at Mr. Giuliani’s actions. Former White House Russia expert Fiona Hill recalled how Trump’s then-national security adviser John Bolton called Mr. Giuliani “a hand grenade who’s going to blow everybody up.” Mr. Sondland recalled chafing after Trump told him and two other officials to co-ordinate Ukraine policy with Mr. Giuliani.

“I believed then, as I do now, that the men and women of the State Department, not the president’s personal lawyer, should take responsibility for Ukraine matters,” Mr. Sondland said.

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Mr. Trump said Ukraine is “known as being the third most corrupt country in the world.”

“Are we going to be sending massive amounts of money to a country and they’re corrupt and they steal the money and it goes into everybody’s bank account?” Trump told Fox News.

Ukraine ranked 120 out of the 180 countries assessed in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index in 2018. Its score of 32 out of 100 on the index, which is widely used by companies when deciding where to do business, indicates Ukraine has serious corruption issues.

If the Democratic-led House to approve articles of impeachment – formal charges – against Mr. Trump, the Senate would then hold a trial on whether to convict Mr. Trump and remove him from office. Mr. Trump’s fellow Republicans control the Senate and have shown little support for removing him.

“I want a trial,” Mr. Trump told Fox News.

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