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U.S. President Donald Trump is giving Attorney-General William Barr a new tool in his investigation, empowering him to unilaterally unseal documents that the Justice Department has historically regarded as among its most highly secret.The Associated Press

U.S. President Donald Trump has granted Attorney-General William Barr new powers to review and potentially release classified information related to the origins of the Russia investigation, a move aimed at accelerating Mr. Barr’s inquiry into whether U.S. officials improperly surveilled Mr. Trump’s 2016 campaign.

Mr. Trump on Thursday directed the U.S. intelligence community to “quickly and fully co-operate” with Mr. Barr’s investigation of the origins of the multiyear probe of whether his campaign colluded with Russia.

Former intelligence officials and Democratic lawmakers criticized Mr. Trump’s move, which marked an escalation in his efforts to “investigate the investigators” as he works to undermine the findings of special counsel Robert Mueller’s probe. Mr. Trump’s announcement came amid mounting Democratic calls to bring impeachment proceedings against him.

Press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said in a statement that Mr. Trump is delegating to Mr. Barr the “full and complete authority” to declassify documents relating to the probe, which would ease his efforts to review the sensitive intelligence underpinnings of the investigation. Such a move could create fresh tensions within the FBI and other intelligence agencies, which have historically resisted such demands.

Mr. Trump is giving Mr. Barr a new tool in his investigation, empowering him to unilaterally unseal documents the Justice Department has historically regarded as among its most highly secret. Warrants obtained from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, for instance, are not made public – not even to the person on whom the surveillance was authorized.

Mr. Trump explicitly granted Mr. Barr declassification power – noting it would not automatically extend to another attorney-general – and only for use in the review of the Russia investigation. Before using the new authority, Mr. Barr should consult with intelligence officials “to the extent he deems it practicable,” Mr. Trump wrote in a memo formalizing the matter.

The U.S. President has frequently claimed his campaign was the victim of “spying,” although the intelligence community has insisted it acted lawfully in following leads in the Russia investigation and conducted surveillance under court order.

Mr. Barr has already asked John Durham, the U.S. attorney in Connecticut, to examine the origins of the Russia investigation to determine whether intelligence and surveillance methods used during the probe were lawful and appropriate. Still, Mr. Barr has been directly involved, according to a person familiar with the matter who was not authorized to discuss it publicly, and is working with U.S. Central Intelligence Agency director Gina Haspel, Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats and Federal Bureau of Investigation director Christopher Wray.

Mr. Wray vocally opposed the release by Congress last year of details from a secret surveillance warrant obtained by the bureau on a former campaign adviser, Carter Page. The White House had eagerly encouraged Republicans on the House intelligence committee to disclose that classified information, believing it could help undermine the Russia investigation.

Mr. Wray, although co-operating with Mr. Barr in a review of the origins of the Russia probe, would presumably balk at declassifying classified information that could reveal sensitive sources or methods of investigators.

Former intelligence officials and Democratic leaders on congressional intelligence committees criticized Mr. Trump’s decision.

David Kris, former head of the Justice Department’s national-security division, said it’s “very unusual – unprecedented in my experience – for a non-intelligence officer to be given absolute declassification authority over the intelligence.”

John McLaughlin, former deputy director of the CIA who served as acting director in 2004, tweeted: “Giving Barr declassification authority for this investigation is a really bad idea. The agencies can co-operate but must retain their legal responsibility for protecting sources. Congressional intelligence committees need to stand in the door on this one.”

U.S. Senator Mark Warner, the ranking Democrat on the Senate intelligence committee, said lawmakers still don’t have the full Mueller report.

“So of course the president gives sweeping declassification powers to an attorney-general who has already shown that he has no problem selectively releasing information in order to mislead the American people,” Mr. Warner tweeted on Friday.

Representative Adam Schiff, chairman of the U.S. House intelligence committee, called Mr. Trump’s decision “un-American.”

“While Trump stonewalls the public from learning the truth about his obstruction of justice, Trump and Barr conspire to weaponize law enforcement and classified information against their political enemies. The cover-up has entered a new and dangerous phase,” Mr. Schiff tweeted.

Despite Mr. Mueller finding no evidence to support criminal charges against Americans related to Russia’s actions, his report documented extensive Russian efforts to interfere in the 2016 campaign and willingness on the part of some in Mr. Trump’s orbit to accept that aid.

Thursday’s move further solidifies Mr. Barr’s position in Trump’s eyes as a legal warrior fighting on his behalf.

After Mr. Mueller submitted his report to Mr. Barr in March, the Attorney-General released a four-page summary to the U.S. Congress. Mr. Barr’s letter framed the debate about the probe over the next few weeks and, White House officials believe, allowed Mr. Trump to declare victory before the release of the full report, the contents of which are far more ambiguous.

Mr. Trump also appreciated Mr. Barr’s combative stance with lawmakers and reporters as he defended the Justice Department’s handling of the report and again when he declined to appear before Congress and defied a subpoena, drawing a possible contempt charge. Mr. Trump has told close confidants he “finally” had “my Attorney-General,” according to two Republicans close to the White House who were not authorized to speak publicly about private conversations.

“Today’s action will help ensure that all Americans learn the truth about the events that occurred, and the actions that were taken, during the last presidential election and will restore confidence in our public institutions,” Ms. Sanders said.

Two of Mr. Trump’s congressional allies, representatives Mark Meadows and Jim Jordan, were seen by reporters earlier on Thursday at the Justice Department. In an interview, Mr. Meadows said he didn’t speak to Mr. Barr while he was there, but was instead reviewing documents as part of continuing probes into the Russia investigation. He was also at the White House on Thursday on budget matters.

Mr. Meadows said Mr. Trump’s directive was the President “keeping his promise” for an open and transparent investigation.