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The Senate has confirmed Kelly Craft to become the next U.S. envoy to the United Nations despite Democratic concerns about her inexperience and potential conflicts of interest.

Ms. Craft, a long-time GOP activist from Kentucky, is currently U.S. ambassador to Canada. She was confirmed 56-34, ending a more than seven-month vacancy in the key diplomatic position.

Kelly Craft, U.S. ambassador to Canada and President Donald Trump's nominee to fill the vacant United Nations post, speaks during her nomination hearing before the Senate foreign relations committee on June 19, 2019, in Washington.

Stefani Reynolds/Getty Images

She and her husband, Joe Craft, have donated millions of dollars to Republican political candidates, and she will be the first major political donor to occupy the top UN post for any administration. Mr. Craft is the chief executive of Alliance Resource Partners, one of the largest coal producers in the country.

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In her confirmation hearing, Ms. Craft vowed to continue the efforts of U.S. President Donald Trump’s first ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley, to push for reform at the world body and to fight against anti-Israel resolutions and actions by the UN and its affiliated agencies. During Ms. Haley’s tenure, the administration withdrew from the UN Human Rights Council and the UN educational and scientific agency for adopting positions it deemed to be hostile to Israel.

Mr. Trump nominated Ms. Craft to replace Ms. Haley after his first choice for the job, former State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert, withdrew from consideration. Ms. Haley stepped down from the post in December.

Democrats criticized Ms. Craft at the hearing for previous remarks she had made doubting the causes and severity of climate change and suggesting that climate change skeptics have valid arguments. They were also concerned about possible conflicts of interest as she holds extensive investments in fossil fuels.

Ms. Craft said at the hearing that she acknowledges the “vast amount of science” regarding climate change and the role humans have played.

“If confirmed, I will be an advocate for addressing climate change,” she said.

The Democrats have also expressed concerns about her time away from Canada during her tenure as ambassador. Ms. Craft testified that all of her travel had been approved in advance by the State Department, that much of it was work-related and that she and her husband had paid for all personal trips.

A report issued by the top Democrat on the Senate foreign relations committee, New Jersey Senator Bob Menendez, just before the vote called Ms. Craft “inexperienced,” ”unknowledgeable“ and ”outmatched.“ The report said Ms. Craft’s ”lack of diplomatic or substantive policy experience“ could threaten her ability to forcefully represent and defend U.S. national interests against other powerful countries.

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“Never in our nation’s history have we nominated such an underqualified person to this critical post,” Mr. Menendez said.

Republicans, including her home-state senator, Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, came to her defence.

“During her tenure as ambassador to Canada, America’s relationship with our northern neighbour was tested,” Mr. McConnell said in a floor speech before the vote. “A number of challenging policy hurdles threatened to trip up progress on several important issues, including trade negotiations. But by all accounts, Ambassador Craft’s involvement led to greater co-operation.”

As ambassador, Ms. Craft played a role in facilitating the U.S.-Mexico-Canada trade agreement, Mr. Trump’s long-sought revamp of the North American free-trade agreement.

It was also a low point in relations between the two countries. Last year, Mr. Trump called Prime Minister Justin Trudeau weak and dishonest, words that shocked Canadians.

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