The chief executive of JD.com Inc., Richard Liu, has returned to China, the Chinese e-commerce giant said on Monday, days after he was arrested by police in Minneapolis, Minn., on suspicion of criminal sexual conduct. He was later released.

Police said an investigation was ongoing.

JD.com has said that the accusation against Mr. Liu, 45, was unsubstantiated.

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A Minnesota-based lawyer for Mr. Liu, Earl Gray, said Mr. Liu denies any wrongdoing, and added he does not expect his client to be charged, noting that Mr. Liu was released without charges or bail, and was allowed to return to China.

“Under these circumstances based on our substantial experience in the criminal justice system in Minnesota charges are highly unlikely in the future to be brought against our client,” Mr. Gray said in an e-mailed statement.

Minneapolis police said on Sunday that "an active investigation” was under way, although it was possible for the billionaire founder of the firm to leave the United States.

Reuters has not been able to reach Mr. Liu for comment.

"We don’t know if there will be charges or not because we haven’t concluded an investigation,” John Elder, a spokesman for the Minneapolis Police Department, told Reuters on Sunday. He declined to provide details of the arrest.

In addition to making Mr. Liu the highest-profile Chinese businessperson to be accused publicly of sexual misconduct, the case has raised concerns that loss-making Nasdaq-listed JD.com could face difficulties making decisions due to its unusual governance structure.

The company is backed by Walmart Inc., Alphabet Inc.’s Google and China’s Tencent Holdings Ltd.

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JD.com’s rules require Mr. Liu, who holds nearly 80 per cent of the company’s voting rights, to be present at board meetings for the board to make decisions, although it was not immediately clear if he has to be physically present or could participate by teleconference.

“I’m not aware of any other company that has similar rules,” said Chris Leahy, co-founder of advisory firm Blackpeak Group and a corporate-governance expert.

"If the board isn’t quorate without Richard Liu, if he is unable to attend, and if there are no other provisions that offer a way round that, the company could become ungovernable,” he said.

The Financial Times, citing two people with direct knowledge of the matter, reported that the case involved Mr. Liu, who is a student in the University of Minnesota’s doctor of business administration program, and a Chinese student at the university.

While the doctoral program primarily takes place in Beijing in partnership with the prestigious Tsinghua University, the students were in the Twin Cities last week as part of their training. According to its website, the program is designed for top-level executives working in China, and the average age of participants is 50.

The complaint against Mr. Liu was made just before midnight local time on Friday, and he was released just after 4 p.m. on Saturday, according to the Hennepin County Sheriff website.

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University spokeswoman Emma Bauer referred questions to the Minneapolis Police Department.

China’s foreign ministry said its consulate in Chicago was closely watching the situation.

"We are currently seeking information and verification from the relevant U.S. departments,” foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying told a Beijing news conference on Monday.

SELF-MADE BILLIONAIRE

Chinese social media was abuzz over the arrest, with a thread on Mr. Liu’s police-booking photo ranking as the most discussed topic on China’s Weibo platform on Monday morning, read more than 250 million times.

JD.com, one of China’s tech heavyweights, competes with larger rival Alibaba Group Holding Ltd., and Mr. Liu has a net worth of US$7.9-billion, according to Forbes. The company, worth some US$45-billion, has seen its stock lose 24 per cent of its value this year amid concerns of weakening growth momentum.

The company has been in and out of the red for the past year, and last month reported a second-quarter net loss of US$334.4-million – almost twice market estimates – reflecting increased investment.

Mr. Liu built JD.com from scratch. In 1998, he spent 12,000 yuan (US$1,760) of his savings to lease a four-square-metre retail space in Beijing’s technology hub of Zhongguancun, setting up a firm that would become JD.com. He is also known for his marriage to Chinese internet celebrity Zhang Zetian.

Ms. Zhang, who is 24 according to Chinese media, shot to fame as a student in 2009 when a photo of her holding a cup of milk tea went viral, giving her the nickname “Sister Milk Tea.” She met Mr. Liu while studying in the United States and married him in 2015.

In July, a court in Australia denied Mr. Liu’s efforts to block the release of his name in association with a sexual-assault trial in which he was not accused of any wrongdoing, according to a court document.

In that case, Mr. Liu had hosted a party in late 2015 at his luxury home in Sydney, after which one of his guests accused another guest of sexually assaulting her at a hotel. The defendant was found guilty of seven offences, according to a court document.

Trade in JD.com shares is set to resume Tuesday as markets were closed for the Labour Day holiday on Monday.