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A shopper wipes down a handle as they select a cart at an Ikea furniture store in Ottawa, on May 31.Justin Tang/The Canadian Press

Canadian retailers are struggling with higher shipping costs as couriers tack hefty fuel surcharges onto shipping rates to recoup record gas prices.

The additional charge is sending the cost of shipping goods within Canada higher, topping 40 per cent for some carriers.

For stores with high online return rates, such as apparel and footwear companies, the increased cost of shipping can be especially challenging.

So far, most companies are trying to absorb the extra domestic shipping charges, Retail Council of Canada spokeswoman Michelle Wasylyshen said.

With inflation squeezing consumers and an ongoing battle for online dollars, she said retailers are reluctant to pass on costs.

“Retail is one of the most competitive industries in Canada, so raising minimum free shipping thresholds or adding surcharges to consumers directly is often done as a last resort,” she said.

“Retailers would prefer to find savings elsewhere.”

Higher domestic shipping costs come as international freight costs finally begin to stabilize.

Retailers have basically traded more reasonable international container freight rates for higher shipping within Canada, experts say.

“The idea of ever being in equilibrium around fuel prices or containers or what’s happening with worldwide supply chains is long gone,” Indigo Books & Music Inc. president Peter Ruis said in an interview.

Indigo, which saw online sales soar during the pandemic, is also avoiding raising prices despite skyrocketing shipping rates.

“We’re absolutely clear that especially at the moment with inflation and how customers are feeling … we will not want to be raising prices,” Ruis said.

Instead, the company is focused on developing the ability to ship from local stores, rather than from a centralized warehouse, to cut down on shipping costs.

“In October we launch our new website which will have a ship from store facility, which means we can use all of our stores as a warehouse for the online consumer,” Ruis said. “If someone’s in Halifax, we could choose to send them product from the Halifax store rather than from the central (distribution centre) in Toronto or Calgary.”

He added: “In a situation where the fuel charges are really difficult, we can mitigate that by sending stock locally.”

Apparel retailers, which often see the highest return volumes among retailers, also appear determined to avoid passing fuel surcharges on.

Canadian underwear and apparel brand Knix Wear Inc., which does most of its sales online and offers free return shipping on most orders, said it doesn’t plan to change the qualifying threshold for free shipping.

“We know there are several external factors affecting shipping and costs but we do not want our customers to feel those impacts,” company spokeswoman Emily Scarlett said.

Shipping surcharges vary between different courier companies.

A FedEx spokesman said the shipping company manages fluctuations in fuel prices through “dynamic fuel surcharges.”

Fuel surcharges on shipments within Canada are subject to weekly adjustments based on a rounded average of the Canadian diesel retail price per litre, James Anderson said in an e-mail.

For packages outside the country, the company bases its fuel surcharge on a rounded average of the U.S. Gulf Coast spot price for a gallon of kerosene-type jet fuel, he said.

The FedEx Express fuel surcharge is currently 41.50 per cent within Canada, and 26.50 per cent on international shipments.

DHL Express said it applies the fuel surcharge to offset fluctuations in fuel prices, which can impact the cost of transportation services – particularly for the company’s aviation fleet.

The fuel surcharge for international shipments is set at 25 per cent for July 2022, according to the company’s website.

Canada Post’s fuel surcharge on domestic services is currently 37 per cent, while its international parcel service is 21.75 per cent, according to its website.

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