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A gauge of global equity markets surged almost 3 per cent on Monday and oil rallied to highs last seen in mid-April as data from an early-stage trial for a coronavirus vaccine lifted hopes of a faster recovery from the pandemic-driven economic slump.

Warm weather enticed people in countries across the world to emerge from coronavirus lockdowns as centres of the outbreak from New York to Italy and Spain gradually lift restrictions that have kept millions cooped up for months.

Investors have cheered any positive development by drug makers’ vaccine trials amid fears of a second wave of infections as restrictions are eased.

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Drug maker Moderna Inc. said its experimental COVID-19 vaccine showed promising results in a small early-stage trial, and its stock closed up 20.0 per cent.

A workable vaccine that can be mass-produced by year-end or early 2021 would be a “game-changer” for industries whose challenges may not be resolved by the economy’s reopening, said Rick Meckler, partner at Cherry Lane Investments, a family investment office in New Vernon, N.J.

Global economic output will take two or three years to recover to prepandemic levels, IHS Markit said in a note, projecting worldwide gross domestic product would fall 5.5 per cent in 2020, or three times the contraction of 2009 after the global financial crisis.

Under the best of circumstances, it will be a long road for the U.S. economy to recover, with additional job losses likely through June, Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said in an interview on Sunday.

MSCI’s gauge of stocks around the globe gained 2.90 per cent, its biggest single-day percentage gain since April 6 when it jumped 5.5 per cent after signs the death toll from the coronavirus was slowing in Europe.

The Pan-European STOXX 600 index closed up 4.1 per cent, its biggest one-day percentage gain since March 24.

Germany’s auto-heavy DAX index surged 5.7 per cent to its highest level in more than two weeks, while France’s main CAC 40 index rose 5.2 per cent. The two countries called for the creation of a European Recovery Fund worth 500 billion euros ($761-billion) to help the region quickly exit the crisis.

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The deal, described by French President Emmanuel Macron as a major step forward, seeks to break the impasse over joint euro debt and act as a blueprint for a wider European Union agreement. The euro rose on the news.

On Wall Street, the benchmark S&P 500 posted its biggest one-day percentage gain in almost six weeks.

On Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 911.95 points, or 3.85 per cent, to 24,597.37. The S&P 500 gained 90.21 points, or 3.15 per cent, to 2,953.91 and the Nasdaq Composite added 220.27 points, or 2.44 per cent, to 9,234.83.

“The resilience of stock markets relative to the awful economic data that we’ve been seeing over the past fortnight speaks to an optimism that … as economies come out of lockdown we can expect to see improvements as we head into the second half of the year,” said Michael Hewson, chief market analyst at CMC Markets.

Japan’s preliminary GDP data showed that the world’s third-biggest economy contracted an annualized 3.4 per cent in the first quarter, slipping into recession for the first time in more than five years.

Hopes of a worldwide economic recovery lifted oil prices, with prices settling 7 per cent to 8-per-cent higher, supported by output cuts.

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“Optimism on the demand side of the oil equation has helped prices climb further, with gasoline demand coming back as governments ease confinement measures,” said Rystad Energy senior oil markets analyst Paola Rodriguez Masiu.

U.S. crude added US$2.39 to settle at US$31.82 a barrel, while Brent, the international benchmark, rose US$2.31 to settle at US$34.81 a barrel.

The jump in oil prices lifted commodity currencies such as the Norwegian crown and the Canadian dollar against the U.S. dollar.

The dollar index fell 0.771 per cent, with the euro up 0.93 per cent to $1.0916. The Japanese yen weakened 0.26 per cent versus the greenback at 107.33 per dollar.

Italian government bond yields fell to their lowest level in over a month on the proposed Franco-German recovery fund.

Benchmark 10-year U.S. Treasury notes fell 26/32 in price to push their yield up to 0.7224 per cent.

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Gold retreated from a more-than seven-year high as stocks and oil surged. U.S. gold futures settled 1.3-per-cent lower at US$1,734.40 an ounce.

Gold traded sideways “because everybody is thinking ‘risk-on,’ get into equities – as markets across the board are up 3 per cent,” said Michael Matousek, head trader at U.S. Global Investors. But the trend “is still to the upside, there’s still plenty of reason to buy gold.”

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