The University of Ottawa says it wants to set itself up as a "beacon" for other Canadian institutions that are dealing with the issue of sexual violence, in the wake of its own scandal around members of the men's hockey team.
The university released a task force report Thursday on respect and equality on its campus, along with a series of 11 recommendations that it has committed to fulfilling.
Those recommendations are:
- Deliver prevention and response training to select groups on campus, including all student athletes
- Mandatory prevention training for all senior administration staff
- Implement a new sexual-violence policy
- Implement a campus-wide bystander education program
- Fund new undergraduate courses on sexual violence and "rape culture"
- Adopt an explicit statement of values
- Collaborate with community anti-violence organizations
- Clarify and publicize the role of the school's Human Rights Office
- Collect and make public statistics on sexual-violence complaints
- Mandate a gender audit of the school's Sports Services department and provide training for student athletes and coaching staff
- Create an action team to oversee implementation of the report's recommendations
The task force was formed last year after a pair of sexual violence incidents.
Last February, members of the university men's hockey team were involved in an alleged sexual assault and the team was suspended for the season. Two former students were recently charged by Thunder Bay police in connection with the case.
That was followed by Facebook incident in which sexually derogatory and violent comments were directed against the female president of the student federation.
University of Ottawa President Allan Rock hinted at the recent high-profile harassment and assault allegations levelled at individuals at Dalhousie University, the CBC and on Parliament Hill.
"This past year alone we've seen the issue arise on a number of campuses in Canada and the United States, as well as in some of our venerable national institutions," Rock told reporters.
"As for the University of Ottawa, our focus of course must be right here in our own university community. And by doing all we can on our own campus, to make the environment safe, respectful and free of sexual violence, we can become a beacon. We can create an example for others to follow."
The university report included an online survey of 1,088 students, more than two-thirds of whom were women. Sixteen per cent of the women and eight per cent of the men said they had experienced at least one incident of sexual violence.
Forty-four per cent of the female respondents said they had been touched, hugged or kissed against their will, with another 32 per cent saying they had been asked on a date or a sexual encounter by someone who "wouldn't take no for an answer."
The task force was particularly concerned with "harmful beliefs" that surfaced in the survey results. For example, 38 per cent of men surveyed agreed or felt neutral about a statement that women who wore low-cut tops or short skirts were sending mixed messages.
The report recommends the university adopt a statement of values on respect and equality, to be promoted by different bodies on campus. It's also urging the school to institute mandatory training on sexual violence to all senior administrators, beginning in September.
The task force also recommended a new sexual violence policy and protocol that would apply to everyone on campus – not just students. Some who participated in the report complained that not enough was being done about professors who harass support staff and students.
"We're not the only ones who have issues of sexualized violence, we're not the only campus, we're not the only institution. Look around us," Rock said.
"The question is, what do you do about it? We're doing something about it, something meaningful. I'm happy to have our reputation determined from that perspective."
The university's approach to the reputations of the members of the men's hockey team, meanwhile, is the subject of litigation. Twenty-two former players are represented by a class-action lawsuit, which argues the school has done nothing to clear the names of those who had no involvement in the alleged assault.
The issue of fairness for the accused has also been a major aspect of the debate around the harassment allegations on Parliament Hill and at Dalhousie University.
The Canadian Press reported last week that the University of Ottawa's internal investigation of the allegations was actually part of a legal strategy designed to protect it against future lawsuits.
Rock told reporters he didn't know whether the hockey players interviewed by investigator Steven Gaon were told that he was working for the law firm hired to represent the university's interests.
Gaon's ensuing reports were later used as the basis for the firing of coach Real Paiement, and the suspension of the hockey program the 2015-16 season.
"I can tell you that the players were told the interviews were voluntary, and that was the basis on which they were conducted," said Rock.
"We did engage a law firm early on, we wanted to know our legal obligations and the report was undertaken because we wanted to know the facts before we took any action."
The task force's survey of 1,088 students was conducted after offering an initial random sample of 5,000 the chance of winning three prizes of a $500 tuition break.
The polling industry's professional body says online surveys cannot be assigned a margin of error as they are not a random sample and don't necessarily represent the whole population.
With a report from Globe staff