The police officers named in Corporal Catherine Galliford's sexual harassment lawsuit against the RCMP have all denied her allegations in statements of defence, following the lead of the federal government, which issued its own blanket denial earlier this year.
Cpl. Galliford, a police spokeswoman who worked on the Air India and Robert Pickton cases, filed a lawsuit in May, alleging nearly two decades of harassment and sexual abuse by her colleagues and superiors.
In addition to the RCMP, Cpl. Galliford's lawsuit also named RCMP officers Constable Marvin Wawia, Superintendent Mike Bergerman and Inspector Doug Henderson; Dr. Ian MacDonald, an RCMP-employed physician; and Constable Phil Little, who worked for the Vancouver police but was part of the joint RCMP-Vancouver missing women investigation.
Constable Wawia, Supt. Bergerman and Insp. Henderson each filed statements of defence last week, denying all of Cpl. Galliford's allegations. Constable Little filed his response in October and Dr. MacDonald filed his shortly after the federal government did in July.
Cpl. Galliford first outlined her allegations in media interviews last year, prompting several other female Mounties to come forward with their own stories of abuse — and their own lawsuits. The series of accusations cast a cloud over the national police force and its treatment of women.
While officials have acknowledged there are problems within the RCMP and have promised to take steps to fix them, the force has consistently denied any wrongdoing as it responds to lawsuits such as Cpl. Galliford's.
Cpl. Galliford's statement of claim, which contains unproven allegations that have not been tested in court, says she met Constable Wawia in 1990 while she was an applicant for the RCMP. She alleges he then spent years harassing and stalking her.
Constable Wawia's statement of defence denies he ever harassed or stalked Cpl. Galliford.
Instead, Constable Wawia says the pair were in a consensual sexual relationship that began in Richmond, B.C., in 1990 and they lived together until Cpl. Galliford left for the RCMP's training centre in Regina in 1991. Constable Wawia's statement of defence says he has had "no deliberate or intentional contact" with Cpl. Galliford since 1991.
"This defendant specifically denies assaulting, sexually assaulting, threatening, harassing, or abusing his position of trust," says Constable Wawia's statement of defence.
The federal government has conceded that Constable Wawia was disciplined after a complaint involving Cpl. Galliford in 1991, though it's not clear what happened. Constable Wawia's statement of defence does not mention the incident.
Cpl. Galliford met Supt. Bergerman while she was still a civilian and living in Prince George, B.C., when he encouraged her to join the RCMP.
Cpl. Galliford's lawsuit claims that when she was at training in Regina, Supt. Bergerman visited her and sexually assaulted her in his car.
Supt. Bergerman denies that happened. He said he picked up Cpl. Galliford in a police car on one occasion in Regina because the two had plans, but he says they decided to cancel those plans and he drove her home without incident.
Insp. Henderson worked with Cpl. Galliford on the Air India task force, and the pair travelled across the country to meet with victims' families.
Cpl. Galliford alleges Insp. Henderson made repeated sexual advances and attacked her in a hotel room during a trip to Edmonton. However, Insp. Henderson's statement of defence says nothing untoward ever happened between the two.
Constable Little was a Vancouver police officer assigned to the joint task force investigating missing sex workers and serial killer Robert Pickton. Cpl. Galliford's lawsuit says Constable Little regularly made sexually explicitly comments and, while they were in a car together, pulled out his genitals.
Constable Little denies all of those allegations in his statement of defence.
Dr. MacDonald oversaw Cpl. Galliford's treatment for alcohol dependence beginning in the mid-2000s. Cpl. Galliford accuses him of failing to diagnose her with post-traumatic stress disorder and improperly disclosing her medical records to her ex-husband.
Dr. MacDonald's statement of defence says he did contact Cpl. Galliford's husband in an effort to find out more about her alcohol use, but he insists he never shared confidential information.
He also says he did not diagnose Cpl. Galliford with post-traumatic stress disorder because she did not have symptoms of the condition.
Dr. MacDonald goes on to detail repeated attempts to treat Cpl. Galliford, either through relapse prevention agreements, in which Cpl. Galliford agreed to remain abstinent and follow treatment programs, and by admitting her to in-patient treatment centres.
In each case, Dr. MacDonald says Cpl. Galliford resumed her drinking and failed to complete her treatment.
Since Cpl. Galliford went public, several more women have filed similar lawsuits targeting the RCMP and its officers.
Constable Susan Gastaldo filed a lawsuit alleging she was sexually assaulted by Staff Sergeant Travis Pearson, who maintains the two were involved in a consensual affair. An internal disciplinary board accepted Staff Sgt. Pearson's version of events, but Constable Gastaldo is still pursuing her lawsuit.
Constable Karen Katz has filed two lawsuits. One alleges a colleague harassed and sexually assaulted her, while the second alleges more widespread abuse during her career.
Corporal Elisabeth Mary Couture filed a lawsuit in December of last year, alleging harassment and intimidation from her superiors and colleagues.
And Janet Merlo, a 19-year veteran of the force, filed a class-action lawsuit in March alleging sexist comments, sexual pranks and derogatory remarks while on the job. Her lawyer has suggested that dozens of other officers are prepared to join the case.