U.S. President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin have agreed in principle to a summit over Ukraine, the U.S. and French leaders said, offering a possible path out of one of the most dangerous European crises in decades.
The office of French President Emmanuel Macron said in a statement on Monday he had pitched both leaders on a summit over “security and strategic stability in Europe.” The White House said in a statement that Biden had accepted the meeting “in principle” but only “if an invasion hasn’t happened.”
“We are always ready for diplomacy,” White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said. “We are also ready to impose swift and severe consequences should Russia instead choose war.”
Messages seeking comment from the Kremlin and from the office of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy were not immediately returned early Monday.
Many details about the proposed summit – which was announced after a volley of phone calls between Macron, Biden, Putin, Zelenskiy, and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson – are unclear.
Macron’s office and the White House said the substance of the summit would be worked out by U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov during their upcoming meeting planned for Feb. 24. What role Ukraine would play in the summit, if any, was also uncertain.
A Biden administration official said in an e-mail the summit was “completely notional” as the timing and format were yet to be determined.
Oil prices fell, Asian share markets pared losses and Wall Street futures rallied as the glimmer of hope for a diplomatic solution emerged.
Michael McFaul, a former U.S. ambassador to Russia, said he was skeptical the summit would happen.
“But if Biden and Putin did meet, they should invite (Zelenskiy) to join,” he said in a message posted to Twitter.
News of Macron’s proposal comes after a week of heightened tensions spurred by Russia’s military buildup on Ukraine’s borders. Russian forces have been amassing around its neighbour since late last year, something Western countries say is a prelude to an invasion that could come at any moment.
Travel schedules have been scrambled amid the anxiety.
On Sunday, the White House said President Joe Biden was cancelling a trip to Delaware and remaining in Washington following a two-hour meeting of his National Security Council. Canada’s foreign minister, Mélanie Joly, said Sunday she was postponing a trip to France because of the situation and would immediately return to Canada.
Moscow denies any intention to invade, but nerves have been further frayed by the Belarusian defence ministry announcement that Russia would extend military drills in Belarus that were due to end on Sunday. Belarus lies to Ukraine’s north, and the estimated 30,000 troops there could play a key role in any prospective attack.
U.S.-based satellite imagery company Maxar reported multiple new deployments of Russian military units in forests, farms, and industrial areas as little as 15 km (9 miles) from the border with Ukraine.
Blinken said Sunday the extension of the exercises in Belarus made him more worried that Russia was on the brink of an attack.
“Everything we are seeing suggests that this is dead serious,” he told CNN.
“Until the tanks are actually rolling, and the planes are flying, we will use every opportunity and every minute we have to see if diplomacy can still dissuade President Putin from carrying this forward.”
In a letter to UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet, seen by Reuters on Sunday, the United States raised concern that “further Russian invasion of Ukraine may create a human rights catastrophe.”
“Specifically, we have credible information that indicates Russian forces are creating lists of identified Ukrainians to be killed or sent to camps following a military occupation,” wrote U.S. Ambassador to the UN in Geneva, Bathsheba Nell Crocker.
She also said Washington has credible information that Russian forces would likely use lethal measures to disperse protests or to counter “peaceful exercises of perceived resistance from civilian populations.”
The war drums have been beating ever louder over the past few days in eastern Ukraine, where Russian-backed separatists carved out chunks of territory in 2014.
Sporadic shelling across the line dividing Ukrainian government forces and separatists there have intensified since Thursday. Sounds of fighting continued into Monday, when a blast was heard in the centre of the city of Donetsk, which is held by the separatists. Its cause was unknown.
The rebels said on Monday that two civilians were killed in shelling by the Kyiv government forces, Russia’s RIA news agency reported.
Kyiv has accused pro-Russian forces of shelling their own compatriots in eastern Ukraine to blame the attacks on Ukrainian government forces.
The fighting – and Russia’s continued war drills – have put the Europe on edge.
“It is not an exaggeration to say that Europe is a step away from war, which was something unimaginable not long ago,” Czech Prime Minister Petr Fiala said in a TV interview.
Western countries are preparing sanctions they say would be wide-reaching against Russian companies and individuals in case of an invasion.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson told the BBC such measures could include restrictions on Russian businesses’ access to the dollar and the pound. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen told German broadcaster ARD that Russia “would in principle be cut off from the international financial markets” and be cut off from major European exports.
Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said it was time for the West to implement at least part of the sanctions it has prepared.
The Biden administration has so far refused to do so, saying their deterrent effect would be lost if they were used too soon.