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In this June 30, 2020, file photo, members of the public walk past a closed shop in Leicester city centre, England.The Associated Press

From the palm-fringed beaches of southern India to the bar-lined streets of a Spanish island and the rolling hills of Ireland, restaurants, pubs and clubs have emerged as front lines in efforts to prevent the re-emergence of the coronavirus.

With Europe’s summer vacation season kicking into high gear for millions weary of months of lockdown, scenes of drunken British and German tourists on Spain’s Mallorca island ignoring physical-distancing rules and reports of American visitors flouting quarantine measures in Ireland raised fears of a resurgence of infections in countries that have battled for months to flatten the COVID-19 curve.

Germany’s Foreign Minister condemned the rowdy tourists for imperilling hard-won gains in efforts to contain the virus. “We just recently managed to open the borders again in Europe. We cannot risk this by reckless behaviour,” Heiko Maas told Funke Media Group. “Otherwise, new measures will be inevitable.”

Meanwhile, in the United States, Florida reached another ominous record with 156 virus deaths reported Thursday, as the state continued to experience a swift rise in cases. The state’s Department of Health reported 13,965 new coronavirus cases, bringing the total to nearly 316,000.

And in hard-hit Texas, refrigerated trailers were being rushed in to handle the growing number of bodies as deaths surge in the state. Ivan Melendez, Hidalgo County’s public health authority, said it’s not uncommon for a deceased COVID-19 patient to lay on a stretcher for 10 hours in the community’s overcrowded hospitals until the body is picked up and put in a freezer.

“Before someone gets a bed in the COVID ICU unit, someone has to die there,” Dr. Melendez said.

Also Thursday, the Boy Scouts of America announced it was postponing next year’s National Jamboree in West Virginia. The increasing number of virus cases and the pandemic’s persistence and unpredictability make it impossible for the Boy Scouts to comply with its “Be Prepared” motto, the announcement on the organization’s website said.

In a move designed to stop the spread of the coronavirus and shake off Mallorca’s reputation as a party hub, regional authorities ordered the closure Thursday of all establishments along “Beer Street” and “Ham Street,” as the popular party areas near the beach of Palma de Mallorca are known, and on another boulevard in nearby Magaluf.

Bar owners reacted angrily to the restrictions on the islands that have seen, like most regions in Spain, recent spikes in infections. Bars and nightclubs employ some 20,000 people in the region.

“They are undertaking drastic measures that are typical of other countries, closing entire streets and curtailing the free exercise of private initiative,” said Jesus Sanchez, who leads a local business association. He blamed “clandestine parties” for some of the images of tourists ignoring virus-containment measures.

At a solemn service in Madrid, relatives of about 100 COVID-19 victims sat physically distanced with representatives of health workers and other vital professions, and with Spain’s king and queen to pay tribute to the dead and those fighting the pandemic.

In an emotional speech, Hernando Calleja said he was sharing the pain of the loss of his brother, Jose Maria, a well-known journalist and writer in Madrid.

“Let’s not forget that the coronavirus was and continues to be a cold, cruel and wrecking executioner,” Mr. Calleja said at the ceremony at the Royal Palace.

Another European tourism hot spot, Greece, lifted a ban on flights from Britain on July 15 and, on Thursday, welcomed the first arrivals with random testing at Athens airport.

Alexandros Maziotis, a Greek who lives in Britain, said he wasn’t tested.

“I’m planning to be a bit careful, especially the first week, so I make sure I don’t pass something to my parents,” he said.

In France, which has seen new outbreaks, Prime Minister Jean Castex said masks would be mandatory in closed public places as of next week — sooner than Aug. 1 as previously announced. One of the Catholic Church’s holiest sites, Lourdes, held its first-ever online pilgrimage to mark the anniversary of claims by 19th-century girl Bernadette Soubirous that the Virgin Mary appeared to her there.

More than 13.5 million people have been infected worldwide and more than 580,000 have died, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University. The true numbers are thought to be far higher for a number of reasons, including limited testing.

Brazil, which hit at least 75,000 confirmed deaths Wednesday, was poised to report two million confirmed cases Thursday. The country has recorded more than 1,000 daily deaths on average in a gruesome plateau that has yet to tilt downward.

India’s record daily increase of nearly 32,700 cases pushed its total close to one million, and led authorities to reimpose a three-day lockdown and night curfew in the popular western beach state of Goa two weeks after it was reopened to tourists.

The state’s top elected official, Pramod Sawant, said people there were flouting physical-distancing rules and not wearing face masks. Nearly 40,000 people have been fined in the past two weeks for not wearing masks.

Israel also registered a new daily record of confirmed coronavirus cases, and a new nationwide lockdown appeared imminent.

Hezi Levi, the Health Ministry’s director-general, told Army Radio that he would be pushing at a meeting Thursday for more stringent movement restrictions, including a possible nationwide lockdown on weekends.

Americans heading overseas were causing consternation in Ireland amid fears that some were ignoring the government’s requirement that they self-isolate for 14 days after arrival. The Irish Post cited restaurant owners who complained they had no way of knowing if American visitors had completed the two-week quarantine.

Showing that there can be a way forward, China became the first economy to resume economic growth since the pandemic began in its central city of Wuhan. It reported an unexpectedly strong 3.2-per-cent expansion in the latest quarter after lockdowns were lifted and factories and stores reopened. The 6.8-per-cent contraction from January to March was the country’s worst downturn since at least the mid-1960s.

The economic news elsewhere was grimmer, however.

More than one million Americans sought unemployment benefits last week, indicating that companies are cutting more jobs amid virus surges in the Sunbelt and some of the country’s most populous states. Layoffs in Florida, Georgia and California rose by tens of thousands, the Labor Department said Thursday in its weekly report.

In Britain, the national statistics office said clear signs were emerging that job losses will skyrocket over coming months to levels not seen since the 1980s.

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