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U.S. President Donald Trump speaks to reporters as he arrives at UN headquarters, in New York, on Sept. 24, 2019.

YANA PASKOVA/Reuters

U.S. President Donald Trump confirmed on Tuesday he had withheld nearly $400-million in U.S. aid to Ukraine but denied he did so as leverage to get its president to initiate an investigation that would damage Democratic political rival Joe Biden.

In remarks to reporters at the United Nations over the intensifying political controversy, Trump sought to portray that there was nothing sinister about the withholding the aid, saying he wanted Europe and not just the United States step up and provide Ukraine assistance. The money was later released by the Trump administration.

“There was never any quid pro quo,” Trump told reporters at the United Nations, using a Latin phrase meaning a favour that is exchanged for a favour.

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In Washington, U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi will announce later on Tuesday that the House is launching a formal inquiry into the impeachment of Trump, the Washington Post reported.

Biden’s 2020 presidential election campaign said he would make a statement on the issue later in the day. In addition, a senior U.S. senator demanded an investigation of the withholding of the aid.

Trump is seeking re-election next year and Biden, the former U.S. vice president, is the front-runner for the Democratic presidential nomination.

Trump on Sunday acknowledged that he discussed Biden and Biden’s son Hunter, who had worked for a company drilling for gas in Ukraine, with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.

But Trump on Monday denied trying to coerce Zelensky in the July 25 phone call to launch a corruption investigation into Biden and his son in return for the U.S. military aid.

Trump said his administration would release “the complete, fully declassified and unredacted” transcript of his call with Zelensky. In a tweet, Trump said the transcript would be released on Wednesday and would show the call was “totally appropriate.”

Arriving at the United Nations before his speech to the annual General Assembly, Trump confirmed that he had wanted the money for Ukraine frozen, saying European should countries provide assistance to Kiev, but changed his mind after “people called me.”

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However, Trump told reporters that he still felt other nations should be paying to help Ukraine. “The money was paid, but very importantly, Germany, France, other countries should put up money,” Trump said.

Regarding aid to Ukraine, Trump said, “We’re putting up the bulk of the money, and I’m asking why is that? … What I want, and I insist on it, is that Europe has to put up money for Ukraine also.”

Trump on Tuesday indicated that he expects a “readout” of the phone call with Ukraine’s president to be made public.

“And when you see the call, when you see the readout of the call, which I assume you’ll see at some point, you’ll understand. That call was perfect. It couldn’t have been nicer,” Trump told reporters.

The controversy came to light after a whistleblower from within the U.S. intelligence community lodged a complaint with an internal watchdog about Trump’s conversation with Zelensky, leading to calls from some Democrats that Trump be impeached for trying to enlist a foreign power to smear a domestic opponent.

U.S. intelligence agencies and a special counsel previously concluded that Russia boosted Trump’s 2016 presidential election bid with a campaign of hacking and propaganda aimed at harming his Democratic opponent Hillary Clinton.

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Senator Bob Menendez, the top Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said Congress had not been made aware of any substantive review of security assistance to Ukraine or any policy reason the funds should have been withheld.

In a letter to Mike Mulvaney, director of the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Menendez said “it is becoming clear that” Trump put pressure on Ukrainian officials.

Menendez, in one of three letters sent to administration officials, also said “we must immediately understand whether, and to what extent, the President and his team converted duly-appropriated United States foreign assistance funds for his personal and political benefit, and what role federal agencies may have played in it.”

IMPEACHMENT EFFORTS

Under the U.S. Constitution, the House has the power to impeach a president for “high crimes and misdemeanours” and the Senate then holds a trial on whether to remove the president from office. No president has ever been removed from office through impeachment.

A House committee has already launched a formal impeachment probe of Trump in light of his actions in the Russia matter but the impeachment drive never won the support of key party figures including Pelosi.

Democratic Representative John Lewis, speaking on the House floor, said he now believed it was time to begin impeachment proceedings. ​ “I have been patient while we tried every other path and used every other tool,” Lewis said.

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Trump on Tuesday accused Democrats of considering impeachment for purely political reasons.

“They have no idea how they stop me. The only way they can try is through impeachment,” Trump said at the United Nations.

In his letter, Menendez noted that the U.S. State and Defense Departments recommended and prepared to distribute in late June $391.5-million in military and security assistance to boost Ukraine’s armed forces as the country dealt with Russian aggression and sought to improve maritime security in the Black Sea.

However, weeks before Trump’s call with Zelensky, OMB blocked the aid, Menendez said in the letter to Mulvaney.

“Ukrainian officials were reportedly ‘blindsided,’” Menendez wrote. “For months, despite repeated inquiries from my office and others, administration officials have been unable to offer any policy justification for why these funds were blocked.”

OMB did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

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Joseph Maguire, acting U.S. director of national intelligence, is defying a federal law mandating that the whistleblower report be shared with Congress. Maguire is due to testify at a public House intelligence committee hearing on Thursday.

House committees have called on Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to produce documents related to contacts between Trump’s lawyer Rudy Giuliani and Ukrainian officials.

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