Chinese government advisers will recommend economic growth targets for next year ranging from 4.5 per cent to 5.5 per cent to an annual policy makers’ meeting, as Beijing seeks to create jobs and keep long-term development goals on track.
Five of the seven advisers who spoke with Reuters said they favoured a target of around 5 per cent, matching this year’s goal. One adviser will propose a 4.5-per-cent target, while the other suggested a 5-per-cent to 5.5-per-cent range.
The proposals will be made next month at the ruling Communist Party’s annual Central Economic Work Conference that discusses policy plans and the outlook for the world’s second-largest economy.
Reaching such targets would require Beijing to step up fiscal stimulus, the advisers said, given that this year’s growth has been flattered by last year’s low-base effect of COVID-19 lockdowns.
“We need to adopt expansionary fiscal and monetary policy to stimulate aggregate demand,” Yu Yongding, a government economist who advocates for a growth target of roughly 5 per cent, told Reuters.
“Corporate investment demand will not be strong as the confidence of companies has not recovered, so we need to expand infrastructure investment,” added Mr. Yu, who also favours a budget deficit topping 4 per cent of economic output.
The other advisers spoke on condition of anonymity because of the closed-door nature of the discussions. Top leaders are expected to endorse the target at the December meeting, although it will not be announced publicly until China’s annual parliament meeting, usually held in March.
In October, China unveiled a plan to issue one trillion yuan ($191-billion) in sovereign bonds by the end of the year, raising the 2023 budget deficit target to 3.8 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) from the original 3 per cent.
Chinese leaders have pledged to “optimize the structure of central and local government debt,” suggesting the central government has room to spend more as its debt as a share of GDP is just 21 per cent, far lower than 76 per cent for local governments.
“We are stepping up fiscal policy support,” another adviser said, to make the “difficult” 2024 target “achievable.”
Monetary stimulus is expected to play a more limited role as the central bank remains concerned that a widening interest-rate differential with the West may further weaken the yuan and encourage capital outflows.
“The space for monetary policy could be bigger if we have greater tolerance for exchange-rate fluctuations,” said Guan Tao, global chief economist at BOC International and a former official at the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE).
China’s economy grew only 3 per cent in 2022, one of its worst performances in nearly half a century. A Reuters poll in October showed that economists expect it to grow 5 per cent in 2023 and 4.5 per cent in 2024, although some have since raised their forecasts.
In 2022, President Xi Jinping laid out a long-term vision of “Chinese-style modernization” at a key party meeting, with a goal of doubling China’s economy by 2035 that government economists say would require average annual growth of 4.7 per cent.
The stuttering postlockdown recovery has prompted many analysts to call for structural reforms that tilt the drivers of economic growth away from property and infrastructure investment and toward household consumption and market allocation of resources.
Absent that, these economists warn, China may begin flirting with Japan-style stagnation later this decade.
Beijing has been trying to reduce economic reliance on property, channelling more resources into high-tech manufacturing and green industries, but has struggled to boost consumer and investor sentiment.
Policy insiders believe more fundamental changes, especially a revival of market-oriented reforms, are unlikely because of the political environment, under which the state has increased its control over the economy, including the private sector.
“If there is no consensus on reforms, we will have to use stimulus to drive growth, even though it will not be sustainable,” a third adviser said.