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Justin Trudeau speaks to supporters at Liberal election headquarters in Montreal after his party was re-elected with a minority government.

Paul Chiasson/The Canadian Press

  • The Liberals secured re-election with a minority government. The party is leading or elected in 157 ridings, shy of the 170 needed for a majority. The Conservatives are at 121, the Bloc Québécois at 32, the NDP at 24 and the Greens at 3, with Jody Wilson-Raybould elected as the lone Independent.
  • Go here for full results, including an interactive map.
  • The Bloc are set to have a greater sway in the next Parliament as they become the third party. In the Quebec riding of Beauce, People’s Party Leader Maxime Bernier failed to win his seat.
  • From the Orange Wave that never materialized to a heightened profile for the Greens, these are the winners and losers from election night.
  • The Tories won all but one seat in Alberta, exposing deep resentment with Ottawa that Justin Trudeau must confront. The minority result, meanwhile, is set to raise concerns in the energy sector.

The Liberals have won the 43rd federal election, but will return to the House of Commons with a smaller caucus of MPs than they had before.

In the early hours of Tuesday morning, the Liberals were leading or elected in 157 ridings, down from the 184 seats they won in 2015 and less than the 170 seats required to govern with a majority in the 338-seat House of Commons.

That means that the Liberals will require the co-operation of other parties to pass laws or survive confidence votes. Either the third-place Bloc Québécois or fourth-place NDP have enough seats to help a Liberal minority government pass legislation.

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The Conservatives won the second-most seats, but finished with the most votes overall. They won 34.6 per cent of the popular vote, compared to the 32.9 per cent given to the Liberals.

Trudeau pledges to work ‘for everyone’

In a victory speech to supporters in Montreal, Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau said Canadians had rejected “fear and negativity.”

“They rejected cuts and austerity and they voted in favour of a progressive agenda and strong action on climate change,” Mr. Trudeau said.

He pledged that his government would work “for everyone.”

“I heard your frustrations,” he added.

In an unusual clash, the speeches of three of the leaders overlapped. NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh was still speaking when Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer began his address, just as Mr. Trudeau took his turn at the lectern.

Scheer says Tories have put Liberals ‘on notice’

In his speech, Mr. Scheer thanked supporters gathered in Regina while he emphasized the strength of the party.

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“We are on the march, ladies and gentlemen,” he said, adding he called Mr. Trudeau to congratulate him on winning the most number of seats.

Mr. Scheer said he is proud of the bigger, stronger Conservative team that will be sent to Ottawa.

He also said his party put Mr. Trudeau “on notice.”

The leaders of the NDP and Bloc said in their acceptance speeches that they would collaborate with the Liberals but in the same breath they listed key features of their platforms as priorities.

Singh vows to ‘continue to fight’ for Quebeckers

Mr. Singh said he had spoken with Mr. Trudeau. “I let him know that we’ll be working hard on making sure we deliver the priorities that Canadians have, that all of you have,” he said in his speech.

At the same time, he made a pointed jab at the Liberals, saying that reconciliation with Indigenous people “means not taking Indigenous kids to court.”

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Speaking in French, he said that despite his party losing 15 seats in Quebec, “We share your values … we will continue to fight for you.”

Blanchet says Bloc will co-operate ‘if it is good for Quebec’

Bloc Leader Yves-François Blanchet said his party would not participate in any government but would co-operate on an ad-hoc basis. “If it is good for Quebec, you can count on us. If it is harmful to Quebec, the Bloc will stand in the way,” he said.

He added that he didn’t think voters wanted to go back to the ballots in the next 18 months. “They’re asking us to work together … It’s a parliament that we have to make work.”

Results across the country

Most of the Liberal cabinet was re-elected. However, Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale, who had represented the riding of Regina-Wascana since 1993, and Natural Resources Minister Amarjeet Sohi, one of the rare Liberal incumbents in Alberta, were defeated.

The Conservatives, meanwhile, made modest gains across the country and were poised to return as the Official Opposition.

Conservative deputy leader Lisa Raitt lost to Liberal Adam van Koeverden, a former Olympic athlete, in Milton. Another Liberal star candidate, environmentalist Steven Guilbeault, was elected in the Montreal riding of Laurier–Sainte-Marie, once the separatist stronghold of former Bloc Québécois leader Gilles Duceppe.

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In Quebec, a resurgent Bloc, which had won only 10 seats in the past election, tripled the size of its caucus and become the third-largest party in the House. The 32 elected Bloc candidates included Alexis Brunelle-Duceppe, the son of Mr. Duceppe.

Jody Wilson-Raybould, who was elected as a Liberal in 2015 and served as Mr. Trudeau’s attorney-general for three years, was poised to win a tight three-way race for re-election as an independent. Ms. Wilson-Raybould left cabinet and the Liberal caucus during the SNC-Lavalin affair. Her former cabinet colleague Jane Philpott, who left at the same time, lost her re-election bid.

Maxime Bernier, a former Conservative cabinet minister who founded the People’s Party of Canada in 2018, was defeated in his riding by a candidate from his old party, Richard Lehoux, a former local mayor.

Mr. Bernier won the riding by more than 20,000 votes in the previous election. His party won no seats and garnered only 2 per cent of the popular vote.

In Alberta, the Conservatives led in 33 of the 34 ridings, with the exception of Edmonton Strathcona, which Heather McPherson kept in NDP hands.

However, in Ontario, where the Conservatives were hobbled by the unpopularity of Conservative Premier Doug Ford, the federal Liberals were holding on to 80 seats, as many as they won in the last election.

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The NDP, which had 16 seats in Quebec in the previous parliament, was in danger of being wiped from the province, saved for Alexandre Boulerice in Montreal.

The Greens made a breakthrough with Jenica Atwin winning in Fredericton, a city that has a Green in the provincial legislature, too. She will join Ms. May and Paul Manly, both of whom were re-elected on Vancouver Island.

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